Is Pumpkin Good for Diabetics?

Last updated on September 27th, 2023

From the classic kaddu ki sabzi, which is embraced with kachoris, to the velvety richness of pumpkin soup that warms your soul on chilly evenings. Among the wide array of vegetables available, pumpkin, with its rich taste and vibrant colour, has sparked curiosity among those with diabetes. Wondering if is pumpkin good for diabetics? and whether this seasonal favourite can be a part of a diabetic-friendly diet. Researchers and healthcare professionals have delved into the nutritional composition of pumpkins to uncover their potential benefits and considerations for diabetics. In this article, we will explore the pumpkin and diabetes connection, its nutritional profile, benefits, diabetes-friendly recipes and much more to help individuals make informed choices in managing their diabetes while savouring the flavours of this tasty vegetable. Here’s the content table

What is Pumpkin?

Pumpkin is a widely used vegetable in Indian cuisine. It is known as “kaddu” in Hindi and “mathanga” in Malayalam, among other regional names. Pumpkins are used in a variety of dishes, both savoury and sweet. Pumpkins have been given the title of ‘national vegetable of India’. One popular Indian dish made with pumpkin is “pumpkin curry” or “kaddu ki sabzi,” where the vegetable is cooked with Indian spices. Another well-known dish is “pumpkin halwa,” a sweet dessert made by grating the pumpkin, cooking it with ghee, sugar, and milk. Low pumpkin calories and moderate pumpkin GI are among the nutritional qualities of the veggie.

The origin of pumpkin dates back to the millenniums. They are presumed to be first grown in the soils of America, specifically in Central and South America. The ancient Mesoamerican civilisations, such as the Aztecs and the Mayans, valued pumpkins as a staple food crop. They used all parts of the pumpkin plant, including the flesh, seeds, and flowers, in their diet. Pumpkin is a vital crop and an integral part of American culture. Today, pumpkins are grown and enjoyed worldwide, not only for their culinary uses but also for decorative purposes during festivals like Halloween and Thanksgiving.

In India, pumpkins are also an essential part of Indian festivals, particularly during Diwali. During this time, pumpkin-based sweets and desserts are often prepared and relished with kin and friends. Due to its flavourful taste and healthful nutritional profile, pumpkin for diabetes patients is also a good option to be included in their diets.

Read More : 16 Best Fruits Juice For Diabetes.

Nutritional Value of Pumpkin

Nutritional Value of Pumpkin

Pumpkin contains many vital nutrients like vitamins A, B6, C, potassium, and dietary fibre. It also has the presence of copper, folate, calcium, manganese, etc. Here is the nutritional table:

Nutritional Value of Pumpkin
Nutrients (100g) Its amount
Calories 26 cal
Carbohydrates 7 g
Fat 0.1 g
Protein 1 g
Sugar 2.8 g
Fiber 0.5 g
Vitamin C 15%
Iron 4%
Calcium 2%
Vitamin B6 5%
Magnesium 3%
Sodium 1 mg
Cobalamin 0%

*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000-calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

Read More : Is Jamun Good For Diabetes?

Pumpkin Glycemic Index

Glycemic Index of Pumpkin

Pumpkin glycemic index is around 75 but the glycemic load of pumpkin is just 3. Having a high glycemic index indicates a greater spike in sugar levels but this isn’t true. Pumpkin has a low glycemic load which means its pumpkin’s impact on your sugar levels will be in mild amounts.

Is Pumpkin Good for People with Diabetes?

Pumpkin for diabetes patients can be beneficial as it is low in carbs and rich in fiber and essential nutrients but pumpkin glycemic index is high. Now we must be wondering, Is pumpkin good for diabetics? The high GI of pumpkin can make you feel pumpkin for diabetes is a big no. But the glycemic load of pumpkin is just 3, which means the impact of pumpkin on sugar levels will be minimal. So moderate and reasonable amounts of pumpkin in your diet will not drastically impact your sugar levels. Pumpkin is a low-calorie & low-carb veggie rich in fibers, magnesium, various vitamins, etc. Pumpkin contains high fiber content, which may help cripple the absorption rate of sugar in the bloodstream preventing sugar spikes. Along with this, its low carbs content won’t disturb your sugar levels much. Both these properties can be valuable for diabetics in regulating their blood sugar.

One study published in the journal “Plant Foods for Human Nutrition” in 2017 investigated the effects of pumpkin extracts on diabetic rats. The study found that pumpkin extract reduced blood glucose levels and improved insulin resistance in diabetic rats, suggesting potential anti-diabetic properties. Another study published in “The Journal of Medicinal Food” 2012 analyzed the effects of pumpkin powder supplementation in type 2 diabetic patients. The researchers observed that pumpkin for diabetes patients gave significant reductions in blood glucose levels. And improved antioxidant status in the participants after consuming pumpkin powder for 12 weeks.

However, while these studies show promising results, it’s essential to note that more extensive research and clinical trials are needed to establish a definitive conclusion on the benefits of pumpkins for diabetes patients. Always consult your doctor before making any notable dietary modifications, especially if you have diabetes or any other medical condition. They can give you personalized guidance based on your distinct health requirements. However, it’s essential to consume pumpkins in moderation and monitor blood sugar levels. Always consult with your doctor for a personalized pumpkin-infused diet plan.

Read More : Is Bottle Gourd Good For Diabtes?

Is Pumpkin Seeds Good for Diabetics?

Pumpkin seeds turn out to be the best seeds that diabetes patients should consume. Seeds of pumpkin for diabetes patients contain magnesium, an element that has blood pressure-lowering effects. The seeds also have hypoglycemic properties resulting in dipping the sugar levels.

Seeds of pumpkin contains antioxidants like vitamin E and carotenoids. Antioxidants reduce inflammation in our bodies. Along with this, pumpkin seeds also decrease bad cholesterol and triglycerides, thereby promoting good heart health. All these effects of pumpkin seeds aid your journey of diabetes, and therefore the answer to ‘Is Pumpkin Seeds Good for Diabetics?’ is definitely yes!

Benefits of Pumpkin for Diabetes Patients

Benefits of pumpkin

Eating pumpkin for diabetes patients may deliver considerable potential benefits. Some of them are

Full of Dietary Fiber

Pumpkin contains a decent source of dietary fiber, as half a cup of pumpkin has 3 grams of fibre. Dietary fibre assists in hampering the absorption rate of sugar in the blood, encouraging more stable sugar levels.

Powerhouse of Nutrients

Pumpkin contains important nutrients like vitamins A, C, B1 and B6. Along with this, pumpkin offers potassium, fibre, magnesium, folate and manganese. These nutrients are valuable for overall health and can support diabetes management.


Pumpkin for diabetes patients contain various antioxidants, including beta-carotene and other carotenoids. Antioxidants shield our bodies from oxidative stress. Stress is closely linked to diabetes complications.

 Read More : Is Ash Gourd Good For Diabetes?

Weight Management

Pumpkin calories are low, and it’s a nutrient-dense food; it can be a useful addition to a diabetes-friendly diet. It can help you with weight management and controlling blood sugar levels.

Improves Insulin Sensitivity

Some research suggests that extracts of pumpkin for diabetes patients may improve insulin sensitivity. This will potentially support better blood sugar control in diabetes patients. However, more research is needed in this aspect.

Pumpkin GI

The pumpkin glycemic index is high, but its glycemic load is low. High GI means it will result in blood sugar spikes when consumed, but the low GL will have a balancing effect. 

Disclaimer: Diabetics with low glucose tolerance should try to limit pumpkin consumption. Also, diabetics with controlled sugar levels and HbA1c or those who have cleared GTT (Glucose tolerance test) can have pumpkin but only in prescribed or measured amounts.

All these are possible sweet pumpkin benefits. Including pumpkin for diabetes diets require a comprehensive approach. This includes following a balanced diet, doing regular physical workouts, and following medical advice.

Read More: HbA1c (Hemoglobin A1c) A1c Chart, Test, Levels, & Normal Range

Ways to Consume Pumpkin for Diabetes Patients

Ways to consume Pumpkin

There are many flavourful and healthy recipes to consume pumpkin for diabetes patients:

Pumpkin Sabzi

Prepare a curry of pumpkin for diabetes patients with Indian spices like cumin, coriander, turmeric, and ginger. Use minimal oil and avoid adding sugar to keep it diabetes-friendly.

Pumpkin Soup

Make a comforting pumpkin soup by mixing cooked pumpkin and vegetable broth and spices. Skip adding cream or excessive butter to make it a healthier recipe of pumpkin for diabetes patients.

Roasted Pumpkin

Cut pumpkin into cubes, toss them in less oil, and roast them until crispy yet tender. Pumpkin contains a nice flavour that will taste better when fried. You can sprinkle some Indian spices like garam masala for added flavour.

Read More: What Is Type 2 Diabetes Management?

Pumpkin Paratha

Create a nutritious parantha of pumpkin for diabetes patients by incorporating cooked and mashed pumpkin into whole wheat flour dough. Roll it out and cook it with minimal oil or ghee.

Pumpkin Raita

Mix grated or pureed pumpkin with plain yoghurt and spices to make a delicious pumpkin raita. It can be a great tasteful refreshment of pumpkin for diabetes meals.

Pumpkin Halwa

Prepare a diabetic-friendly pumpkin halwa.  Use artificial sweeteners like stevia or dates instead of sugar to get sweet pumpkin benefits.

Pumpkin Seeds

Roast pumpkin seeds with a dash of salt and spices for a healthy and crunchy snack. This recipe of pumpkin for diabetes patients can be a good snacking option.

Remember to have control of the portion size and be wary of your overall carbs intake during all your meals when including pumpkin for diabetes diet.

Read More: Top 10 Natural Remedies For Diabetes?

Pumpkin Side Effects for Diabetes Patients

Side effects of Pumpkin

Pumpkin for diabetes patients is generally safe to consume in moderation. Nonetheless, there are a few probable pumpkin side effects you should know:

Blood Sugar Levels

While pumpkin glycemic index is low, this means it has a minor influence on blood sugar compared to high-carb foods. It still contains some amount of carbs. Diabetics should be cautious about how much pumpkin they consume and monitor their sugar levels after eating it.

Interfere with Medicines

Pumpkin for diabetes patients, can potentially interact with their medications. Moreover, pumpkin seeds are a natural source of magnesium, which can interact with certain medications. If you are on meds that influence magnesium levels or any other ailment, first consult with your doctor to assure yourself of no mess up.


Pumpkin seeds or pumpkin for diabetes patients can be allergic. Although rare, diabetics can have an allergy to pumpkins and their seeds or other squash family members. If you encounter any allergic effects, such as itching, rashes, swelling, etc., seek medical attention immediately.

Gastrointestinal Issues

Eating too much pumpkin or making significant dietary changes can cause gastrointestinal discomforts, such as gas and even diarrhoea. Therefore pumpkin and diabetes relations should be in moderation.

As with any dietary modifications, so is the case with pumpkin for diabetes patients. It’s very important for diabetics to hear what the doctor has to say. They can provide personalised advice that will suit an individual’s health needs, medication regimens, and potential interactions with other foods or supplements.

Read More: Normal Blood Sugar Level for Adults Age-wise.


In conclusion, the question ‘Is pumpkin good for diabetes patients?’ has an answer. Pumpkin for diabetes patients shows promise as a potentially useful portion of their diet. Pumpkin glycemic index is high; it has high fiber quantity and is full of nutrients. Studies have suggested that pumpkin extracts may enrich insulin sensitivity and assist in the regulation of blood sugar. Also, the antioxidant content in pumpkins offers a shield against diabetes-related complications. However, it’s important to emphasise that further extensive research and clinical trials are needed to establish a definitive link between the consumption of pumpkin and diabetes management. Moreover, these benefits are not applicable to sugar patients with high sugar and HbA1c levels. Diabetics with normal sugar levels should work closely with their doctor to deduce a personalised meal specifying the quantity of pumpkin for daily consumption. While incorporating pumpkin for diabetes diets can be a healthy choice, it should be done in moderation, considering overall carbohydrate intake, high GI value and potential interactions with medications. As with any dietary changes, it’s always best to seek professional guidance and carefully monitor how the body responds to maintain stable blood sugar levels and overall well-being.


What Is The Best Time to Eat Pumpkin?

Pumpkin for diabetes patients should be consumed during the full meals of the day, i.e. lunch or dinner. Pumpkin is to be mixed with lentils, rotis and other veggies to give you complete nutrition. As pumpkin is a filling food, it will make you less hungry for an extended time.

How Much Pumpkin Should a Diabetic Eat?

Pumpkin glycemic index is high therefore, diabetics should consume pumpkin in moderate amounts. A single portion of pumpkin mixed with your whole meal will reduce its glycemic impact and is ok to be consumed.

Does Pumpkin Naturally Have Sugar?

Yes, pumpkin has the presence of natural sugar in it. Pumpkin contains about 2.8 grams of sugar per 100 grams. Along with this, the carbohydrate content in pumpkin is about 7 grams per 100 grams. The low sugar and carbs content of pumpkin makes it fine for diabetics to consume it in moderation.

Does Pumpkin Increase Blood Sugar?

Last updated on August 11th, 2023

The pumpkin glycemic index is around 75 but its glycemic load is just 3. Foods with high GI and low GL don’t impact your sugar levels much when eaten in measured amounts. So pumpkin won’t increase your blood sugar when consumed in moderation. Always seek a doctor’s advice to determine the quantity safe for you.

Is Pumpkin Good for Digestion?

Pumpkin for diabetes patients can help ease digestion. Pumpkin contains dietary fiber and prebiotics. These help ease bowel movements and promote good gut health.

Last Updated on by Dr. Damanjit Duggal 


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