How to Reduce Blood Sugar Level Immediately?

Medically Reviewed By: Dr. Surajeet Kumar Patra, MBBS, MD, FDIAB, MBA & APMP January 20, 2022

Last updated on November 1st, 2023

The biggest worry when you have diabetes is to maintain diabetes blood sugar levels. But it becomes a more straightforward job if you are aware of what causes diabetes glucose levels to go high or low. Read the article to understand the causes, complications, and the best ways to control blood sugar levels.

What are Blood Sugar levels?

Blood glucose or blood sugars have a significant role in our body’s metabolism. The food we eat during digestion generates glucose is the by-product of that process. Glucose enters the bloodstream. The body cells absorb glucose from the bloodstream for a process of cellular respiration. During cellular respiration, glucose is used to generate energy in the form of ATP molecules.

ATP molecules are the energy currency of the body. Our body uses this energy from ATP for metabolism.

The Need to Control High and Low Sugar Levels

Whether you are diabetic or non-diabetic, sugar control is essential to keep your body fit. It becomes crucial, especially if you are diabetic, as, without proper sugar levels under control, you may face complications associated with diabetes.

For a non-diabetic person fluctuating blood sugar levels may slowly lead to a prediabetic condition and diabetes. Non-diabetic persons rarely feel low blood glucose levels. It may be due to underlying diseases like liver infection, enzyme disorders, and growth hormone disorders.

The complications of fluctuating blood sugar levels are as follows:

  • High:
    1. It can cause nerve damage if left untreated for a longer time.
    2. Increased risks of cardiovascular and heart diseases
    3. Kidney failure due to increased levels of ketones in the body
    4. Eye vision damage due to high blood glucose levels
    5. Memory problems
    6. Slow healing of wounds and foot ulcers
    7. Leg amputations in rare cases due to nerve damage
    8. If levels are above goo mg/dL, it can cause a diabetic coma.
    9. During pregnancy may cause gestational diabetes
  • Low:
    1. Low blood glucose levels harm the brain and its functioning.
    2. Can cause speech disorders
    3. Unconsciousness
    4. Seizures
    5. Coma
    6. Memory loss
    7. Sudden falling may lead to injuries

Thus, a person must maintain blood glucose levels to normal to avoid the above complications.

diabetic neuropathy


Both high and low blood glucose levels, if left untreated, can cause serious medical complications. Thus, proper blood glucose control is essential.

Quick Ways to Lower Your Blood Sugar Level

Any diabetic person is more worried about the question of how to control sugar levels? It may look like a challenging and next to impossible job. But the fact is it through your dedication and positive attitude you can control and manage your blood sugar levels. Here is the best-integrated approach for controlling sugar levels.

This approach integrates the control mechanism of Diet, Lifestyle, Medicine, and Mental domain to help you to manage your sugar levels.

1. Diet Control

Having proper diet control is the best way to control blood glucose levels for a longer time.

Food Items High blood sugar level recommendation Low blood sugar level recommendation
What to eat
  1. Consume a low glycaemic index diet.
  2. Whole grains like brown rice, quinoa, and steel-cut oatmeal
  1. Consume fast-acting carbohydrates with a high glycaemic index value.
  2. Take All-natural peanut butter with no added sugar or 15g of raisins.
What to avoid
  1. Don’t eat simple sugar or fast-acting carbohydrates.
  2. Avoid eating Pasta, White bread, and rice.
  3. Don’t eat candies and processed foods.
You should avoid taking chocolates and fatty products as they can cause high and low spikes.
Fruits example Strawberries, Cherries, Citrus fruits Grapes, Pineapple
Vegetable example Eat more green leafy vegetables and non-starchy vegetables like broccoli, greens, carrots, etc. Beets, carrots, and Jicama
Drinks Water is the best choice. Dehydration is more common during high blood glucose levels. So drink plenty of water.
  1. Fruit juices like apple juice, orange juice, Applesauce.
  2. For <55 mg/dL, give honey or maple syrup or grape juice.

2. How to Lower Blood Sugar Quickly at Home in An Emergency(Lifestyle Changes)

With a proper lifestyle change, effective management of blood sugar levels can be done. For example, doing physical activities and exercise can regulate blood circulation and help you to manage blood sugar levels.

  • Doing aerobics exercises or exercises that increase heart rate for a long time is good when your blood sugar levels are high. For example, a 15 minutes jog, a 10 minutes aerobic exercise, and 10 to 20 minutes of breathing exercises would help. These exercises increase insulin sensitivity and thus lower blood sugar levels.
  • If your sugar levels are between 100 to 130 mg/dL, you can do mild exercises for a shorter time.
  • Don’t do exercise if your sugar levels are below 100. Instead, have some snacks and take a rest.
  • Be aware intense exercises burn body fat and this, in turn, releases ketones. Thus, the risk of diabetic ketoacidosis increases.
  • If your sugar levels are > 250 mg/dL, don’t exercise because there shall be an increased risk of diabetes ketoacidosis?
  • Get proper sleep. Sleep helps in reducing the amount of sugar in the blood. Thus, it is vital to get adequate sleep each night. It is the best way to help keep blood sugar levels at an average level.

Also Read: Normal blood sugar range

3. Medicine Control

The blood glucose level generally fluctuates in diabetes. Thus, to control blood glucose levels, consult the doctor and get medicines for your condition.

  • High: If the blood glucose levels are high, doctors may specify insulin therapy and medicines like Glyburide or Sugar Tablets Metformin Glucovance.
  • Low: if the blood glucose levels are low, doctors prescribe either glucose supplements, glucagon, Glimepiride (Amaryl), Glipizide (Glucotrol), Glibenclamide, etc.

metformin 500 tablet usage and side effects

4. Mental Control

One should be mentally strong to combat all the odds. The same is the case with your health. You should be strong mentally to control any disease opposing sides. Overthinking, anxiety and stress can complicate the issues.

Also read:- food brings happiness

Key Points:

  • Relax: If you have blood sugar level issues like low or high levels, try to relax. Meditation and yoga are the best ways to relax your mind.
  • Avoid stress and tensions. These lead to depression and mental pressure. In addition, it can create complexities, especially when the blood sugar levels are high.
  • Peace to mind. Indulge in activities that bring peace to your mind. For example, breathing exercises, a good sleep, and a morning walk can help you control your mental stress.

5. Emergency Controlling of Blood Sugar Levels

Sometimes the blood sugar levels may go out of control. Seek immediate medical care for the betterment.

  • High: If the blood sugar levels are > 250, call emergency services. There is a need to give external insulin under a doctor’s care. Any blood sugar levels above 300 may require admission.
  • Low: If the blood sugar levels are < 50, call emergency services. If the patient can speak and talk, try to give 15 grams of rapid-acting carbohydrate lie 100% grape juice or honey syrup. But if unconscious doesn’t place anything in the mouth. Call emergency services.

Also Read: Mango glycemic index

Bottom line

Blood sugar levels vary from time to time in a day. Therefore, it may not affect you unless you maintain normal blood sugar levels. But you should not neglect any of the symptoms of blood sugar variations to avoid complications associated with it.

The best way to control blood sugar levels is to be aware of yourself and have a positive attitude towards life.

Also read:- food chart for sugar patient


Can I have low blood sugar levels if I am not diabetic?

Yes. Generally, low blood sugar levels are more common in diabetic patients, but patients with an eating disorder, deficiency of growth hormones, enzyme deficiency can have low glucose levels.

Does meditation help in controlling blood sugar levels?

Numerous studies have proven the fact that meditation regulates body mood and decreases anxiety and stress. It thus reduces blood glucose levels induced due to pressure. But it cannot be a replacement for medicines and diet control. Therefore, use meditation along with other control mechanisms to control blood sugar levels.

Can I exercise if my blood sugar levels are 80 to 100 mg/dL?

It is generally good to do mild exercises only if your blood sugar levels are greater than 100 mg/dL. Physical activities decrease blood glucose levels. Thus avoid doing exercise if the blood glucose levels are less than 100 mg/dL.

Can I drink fruit juice when my blood sugar levels are high?

Drink plenty of water and avoid fruit juice as they are rich in sugar content.


  1. Diabetes Tests. Retrieved from:

Last Updated on by Dr. Damanjit Duggal 


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