Is Radish Good for Diabetes?

Last updated on September 29th, 2023

Managing diabetes through a balanced and thoughtful diet is essential for those living with this chronic condition. Apart from medicines, your diet plays a big role in controlling and managing your sugar levels. With the aim of classifying foods as diabetes-friendly or not, today we will discuss white radish for diabetes meals. Radish, with its unique flavour and nutritional benefits, has been a staple in cuisines around the world for centuries. But is radish good for diabetes patients? In this article, we will talk about the nutritional value of radishes, the GI index of radish, whether radish for diabetes can be a valuable addition and other radish benefits. So, let’s begin!

What is Radish?

The radish vegetable is a root that belongs to the Brassicaceae family, which also includes vegetables like broccoli and cabbage. Radishes are typically round, plump or elongated in shape. They come in various colours, including red, white, and black. Radishes are speculated to have originated in Southeast Asia, specifically in regions that are now part of China, East Mediterranean region and Asia. They have a long history of cultivation, dating back thousands of years.

They have a crisp texture and a peppery taste, which can range from mild to spicy, depending on the variety. Radishes are often eaten raw in salads, sandwiches, or as a crunchy snack. But they can also be cooked in various dishes like radish curry, which also has other vegetables or yoghurt radish raita.

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Types of Radish

There are several types of radish vegetable, each with unique characteristics in terms of size, shape, colour, and flavour. Some common types of radishes include:

  1. Red Radish: These are the most common and widely recognised radishes. They are round or oval with bright red skin and crisp white flesh. Red radishes have a peppery taste.
  1. White Radish or Mooli: Also known as Daikon radish, these are larger and cylindrical with white skin and flesh. They have a milder flavour compared to red radishes. These are a staple in Indian cuisine, especially in regions like North India. Mooli is often used in salads, pickles, chutneys, and various cooked dishes, adding a refreshing and slightly peppery taste to the cuisine. It’s a versatile vegetable that’s enjoyed both raw and cooked in Indian recipes.
  1. Black Radish: This radish vegetable type has dark black or brownish skin with white flesh. They have a stronger, earthy flavour compared to red radishes and are often eaten cooked.
  1. Watermelon Radish: This type of radish has a green and white outer skin, but its inner flesh is bright pink or red, resembling a watermelon. They have a mild, slightly sweet flavour.

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Other Varieties of Radish

  • French Breakfast Radish: These are elongated radishes with a red top and white tip. They have a mild, slightly peppery flavour.
  • Easter Egg Radish: These radishes come in various colours, including pink, purple, and white.
  • Cherry Belle Radish: This type of radish is small, round red with a classic radish vegetable flavour.
  • Japanese Radish: Similar to Daikon, these are long and slender with white skin and flesh.

These are just a few examples, and there are many more radish vegetable varieties, each with its own unique taste and culinary uses.

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Nutritional Value of Radishes

Nutritional Value of Radishes

Radish vegetable is a non-starchy and has a low carb content. Mooli nutrition has nutrients like vitamin C, potassium, iron, riboflavin, niacin and many more. Let’s look at the nutrients table:

Nutritional Value of Radishes
Nutrients (per 100 grams) Its amount
Calories 17 kcal
Protein 3.8 g
Carbohydrates 3.7 g
Fat 0.1 g
Fiber 1.9 g
Sugar 2.2 g
Vitamin C 15 mg
Calcium 35 mg
Phosphorus 22 mg
Sodium 45 mg
Beta carotene (in radish leaves) 5295 microgram

Read More: Indian Diet for Diabetes Reversal.

Radish Glycemic Index

The radish glycemic index is just around 32. This categorises radish as a low GI food. The low GI index of radish means it’ll delay the absorption rate of blood sugar and prevent blood sugar spikes. Normally, low-GI foods are foods that score below 55 on the glycemic scale. GI scale is a way of measuring blood sugar impact and categorises foods on a scale of 1-100.

Read More: Best Vegetable with Low Glycemic Index for Diabetics.

Radish For Diabetes

Radish for diabetes patients is a good vegetable option they can vouch for. This is due to several reasons. First, the nutritional value of radishes is suited for diabetes patients. Radish has antioxidants such as catechin, vanillic acid, pyrogallol, etc. It also has phenolic compounds and vitamin C, which protect your body against the damaging effects of free radicals. Secondly, compounds present in radish, like glucosinolate and isothiocyanate, help in managing blood sugar.

A 2017 study in the National Library of Medicine studied the effect of the consumption of radish for diabetes rats. The results confirmed the hypoglycemia effects that radish possesses. Also, water-soluble radish extracts have polyphenolic substances which have insulin-like effects on your body. Moreover, the GI index of radish is low and, thus, impacts blood sugar gradually. The benefits of eating radish for diabetes patients include improvement in the generation of adiponectin hormone. This hormone preserves the cells against insulin resistance.

Other benefits of radish juice for diabetics include better liver functioning. Radish vegetable has enzymes like indole-3-carbinol, 4-methylthio-3-butenyl-isothiocyanate, etc. These enzymes help the liver in detoxification. And finally, radish has nutrients like vitamin C, calcium, potassium and antioxidants, which help in blood pressure management. Sakurajima daikon radish has high trigonelline content, which enhances blood vessel functioning.

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White Radish Benefits For Diabetes Patients

White Radish Benefits

White radish for diabetes patients can offer some potential benefits when consumed as a portion of a balanced diet plan. Here are a few benefits:

Low Glycemic Index

The benefits of eating radish for diabetes patients are many due to its low glycemic index (GI). Radish glycemic index is low, so it will have a relatively milder effect on blood sugar when consumed. Foods with low GI values are generally better for people with diabetes because they cause slower and more gradual increases in blood sugar.

Fiber Content

Radish benefits for diabetes patients include its good dietary fiber content. Dietary fiber can help restrain sugar levels by holding up the absorption rate of sugar from the digestive tract. This can give better blood sugar control.

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Nutrient Density

Radish for diabetes patients is rich in essential nutrients, including vitamin C, potassium, and antioxidants. These nutrients can positively affect your overall health and may help manage diabetes-related complications.

Weight Management

Including radish benefits in your diet can be a component of your weight management strategy. For overweight diabetics, maintaining a healthy weight according to BMI is crucial. Consuming radish-based meals can help you in this regard. Plus, the benefits of radish juice include improving insulin sensitivity and sugar control.

Read More: Is Cranberry Juice Good for Diabetics?

Heart Health

The benefits of eating radish for diabetes patients is that it contains a good amount of nitrates. Nitrates help improve the blood flow and blood vessel health in your body. The nutrients present in radish also regulate blood pressure and promote heart health.


Radishes for diabetes patients can help keep them hydrated as they have a high water content. Adequate hydration is important for diabetes administration as it can help prevent complications and support overall health.

While white radish for diabetes patients is beneficial, it’s essential to incorporate them into a well-rounded and balanced diet. Monitoring your overall carbs intake, portion sizes, and overall dietary choices is crucial for effective diabetes management.

Read More: Can Diabetes Patients Eat Oranges?

Ways To Consume Radish for Diabetes Patients

Ways to Consume Radish

Radish vegetable in India has been part of its cuisine for ages. Here are some recipes for radish for diabetes patients:

Raw Radish Salad

A simple and common way to enjoy radishes in India is by making a fresh salad. Slice or grate radishes and mix them with other low-carb vegetables like cucumber, tomatoes, and bell peppers. Enjoy the benefits of eating raw radish and also add some lemon juice, kala namak, and some roasted cumin powder for flavour.

Read More: Is Rice Good For Diabetes?

Radish Raita

Prepare radish raita by grating radishes and mixing them into plain yoghurt. Add some roasted cumin powder, black salt, and chopped coriander leaves for extra flavour. Raita can be a refreshing side dish of eating radish at night with dinner.

Mooli Paratha

Make whole wheat or lentil flour radish parathas by grating radishes and mixing them into the paratha dough. Season with spices like ajwain, red chilli powder, and garam masala. Cook the parathas with minimal oil or ghee. Enjoy radish benefits as it’s a low GI veggie.

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Radish Juice

Radish juice is another great recipe for radish for diabetes patients. The benefits of radish juice is that it is a refreshing beverage for diabetes patients. Blend radish aloe vera, neem leaves, and seasonal fruit for a healthy drink.

Radish Pickle

Radish pickles are popular in many Indian households. You can prepare a diabetic-friendly version using less oil and avoiding excessive sugar. Use vinegar or lemon juice for tanginess instead of extra sugar. Enjoy meals with this punchy pickle of radish for diabetes patients for added flavours.

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Radish Curry

You can incorporate radish for diabetes patients into cooked dishes like sabzis (vegetable curries). For instance, prepare a simple radish curry or stir-fry with chopped radishes, onions, and spices. Avoid heavy gravies or excessive oil.

Radish Soup

Make a nutritious radish soup by cooking radishes with other low-carb vegetables like spinach, tomatoes, and onions. Blend it into a smooth soup without adding cream or excess salt to maximise radish benefits.

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Radish for diabetes patients can be a crunchy and satisfying snack. Slice them and sprinkle some chaat masala or black salt for added flavour.

Radish Leaves

Don’t forget about radish leaves! They are nutritious and can be used in various recipes, such as saag or added to dals for extra flavour and nutrients. Leaves of radish vegetable contain high iron, phosphorus, beta carotene, etc.

Remember to monitor quantity and sizes, especially if you’re tracking daily carbs intake. Always consult with your doctor before including any food in significant amounts in your diet.

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In conclusion, the answer to the question, ‘Is radish good for type 2 diabetes patients?’ is yes. Radish for sugar patients can indeed be a valuable addition to the diets. The low radish glycemic index, high fiber content, and rich nutritional profile make it a nutritious and diabetes-friendly veggie. Various studies suggest radish may contribute to better sugar control, body weight management, and general health.

However, it’s important to emphasise that dietary choices for diabetes management should always be made in consultation with your doctor or dietitian. Individualised meal planning and portion control remain crucial aspects of managing diabetes effectively. Radishes, when used creatively in salads, side dishes, and recipes, can be a tasty and nutritious component of a diabetes-friendly meal plan if you have any queries regarding radish inclusion in your diabetes meal or any other diabetes-related complication. We at Breathe Well-Being can help you out. Our professional health experts have years of experience expertise in controlling and reversing diabetes. Give us a call today to get expert guidance on diabetes.

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How many Radishes Can I Eat a Day?

Radish vegetable is rich in vitamin C. 60 to 70 grams of daily radish consumption is okay for individuals with or without diabetes. Daily consumption of radish boosts your immunity and regulates metabolism.

Can We Eat Radish at Night?

Yes, eating radish at night is okay. Radish has low calories and is easy to digest. However, mooli nutrition is best consumed with whole meals like lunch or dinner. When consuming radish at night, we can prepare radish raita or include it in salad.

Who Should Not Eat Radish?

Generally, radish for diabetes patients is safe to consume. However, there isn’t much research on the effects of the consumption of radish during pregnancy or breastfeeding. So, best avoid it. Diabetes patients with gallstones or liver problems should avoid radish.

Is Radish Good for Diabetic Patient?

Yes, radish for diabetes patients is a good veggie option. Radish is full of vitamin C, antioxidants, and components that help regulate sugar levels. Radish also has hypoglycemia effects, and its low GI helps manage your sugar levels. However, remember to include radish as a portion of a balanced diet with the doctor’s advice.

Is Radish Good for Health?

Consuming radish vegetable is very good for your health. Along with promoting reasonable blood sugar control, radish helps in better liver functioning and promotes good heart health. The nitrates present in radish enhance blood flow and improve the health of blood vessels.

Last Updated on by Dr. Damanjit Duggal 


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