7 Day Meal Plan for Gestational Diabetes- Foods for Gestational Diabetes

Reviewed By Dietitian Dt. SEEMA GOEL (Senior Dietitian, 25 Years of Experience) January 30, 2024

The journey of pregnancy brings forth numerous joys yet some challenges. Moreover, for some, it may bring the problem of gestational diabetes. During pregnancy, the body undergoes remarkable changes to nurture a new life. However, if you have gestational diabetes, managing blood sugar levels becomes a crucial aspect of maternal well-being. This blog is designed as a compass, guiding you through a comprehensive 7-day meal plan tailored specifically for individuals facing gestational diabetes. So, let’s embark on this journey of diet plan together. Let’s embrace nourishing choices that support a healthy pregnancy while managing gestational diabetes with balance and flavor.

Defining Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs when the body can’t produce or secrete enough insulin to match the elevated insulin needs during pregnancy. The functionality of the insulin hormone is to help your body regulate blood sugar. During pregnancy, hormones from the placenta can very much interfere with insulin functionality. This may lead to a rise in blood sugar levels.

If not adequately managed, gestational diabetes can pose risks to both the mother and the baby. Complications may include:

For the Mother:

  • -Increased risk of preeclampsia (high blood pressure).
  • Inflated chances and risks of development of type 2 diabetes later in life.
  • Delivery complications.

For the Baby:

  • Excessive growth, increasing the risk of delivery complications.
  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) after birth.
  • Inflated risk of obesity and full-scale diabetes in adulthood.

Management typically involves dietary alterations, a regular physical workout schedule, and sometimes insulin therapy. Keeping an eye on sugar levels is crucial to ensure they stay within a healthy and safe range. Pregnant individuals are often screened for gestational diabetes between weeks 24 and 28 of pregnancy. Early detection and proper management can significantly reduce the associated risks.

Read More: 7 Day Indian Diet Plan for Diabetic Patients

Food for Gestational Diabetes

Eating foods that are healthy and nutritious will help you manage gestational diabetes more efficiently. Therefore, foods are of utmost importance in keeping the blood sugar fluctuations at bay. According to Yale University’s report, following a healthy pregnancy diabetes diet menu will lessen the chances of progression to full-scale type 2 diabetes.

Choosing foods rich in complex carbs, healthy fats, and dietary fiber takes time to digest. Therefore, they eliminate the chances of abrupt fluctuations in blood sugar. In contrast, foods having simple carbs, sugar, and saturated trans fat destabilise your blood sugar.

Food for gestational diabetes should be divided into three big meals and paired with two mini meals. This should be done so that you keep your body nourished as well as maintain your sugar levels.

List of Foods to Eat with Gestational Diabetes

List of Foods to Eat with Gestational Diabetes , foods for gestational diabetes

Specific foods rich in nutrients like complex carbs, dietary fiber and lean protein are good for gestational diabetes. The foods include:

  • Whole grains
  • Lentils
  • Legumes
  • Healthy fats
  • Lean proteins like chicken and fish
  • Whole fruits
  • Green veggies

Read More: South Indian Diet Plan For Diabetes

Foods to Limit and Avoid in Gestational Diabetes

Foods containing refined carbs and sugar are bad for gestational diabetes. They increase the chances of uneven blood sugar spikes. The foods include:

  • White foods like bread, sugar, refined flour
  • Sugary beverages
  • Juices
  • Bakery products and mithais
  • Starchy Veggies

Read More: 7 Day Meal Plan for Prediabetes

7 Day Diet for Gestational Diabetes Meal Plan

7 day meal plan for gestational diabetes . diet chart for gestational diabetes

Below is our 7 day pregnancy diabetes diet menu in which we have fulfilled the daily nutrient requirements. You can follow this diet throughout your pregnancy:

Day 1


  • 2 pieces of whole grain vegetable/egg sandwich
  • 1 teaspoon of peanut butter

Mid-day Snack

  • One whole fruit (apple/orange/pear)
  • A glass of coconut water


  • 2 rotis made of multigrain flour
  • 1 katori seasonal sabji
  • 1 katori of green salad

Evening Snack

  • Handful of mixed nuts (almonds/walnuts/cashews)
  • One whole fruit


  • 1½ katori of mixed millet pulao
  • 1 katori of broccoli stir fry
  • 1 katori of green salad

Day 2


  • 2 pieces of moong dal idli
  • 1½ katori of sambar
  • 2 teaspoons of peanut coconut chutney

Mid-day Snack

  • 1 whole apple
  • A glass of buttermilk


  • 100 grams of grilled tofu/chicken/fish
  • 1½ katori of broccoli corn salad

Evening Snack

  • 1½ katori of vegetable soup


  • 1 katori of cooked brown rice
  • 1 katori of paneer sauteed vegetable sabji
  • 1 katori of bean sprouts salad

Day 3


  • 2 pieces of vegetable-stuffed besan cheela

Mid-day Snack

  • 1 glass of dalchini water
  • 1 cup of mixed berries


  • 1 katori of cooked brown rice
  • 1 katori of seasonal sabji
  • 1 katori of vegetable sprouted salad

Evening Snack

  • 1½ cups of corn/chicken soup


  • 2 rotis of bajra+jowar flour
  • 1 katori of green vegetable salad
  • 1 katori of dal
  • 1 katori of any sabji you like

Day 4


  • 2 vegetable stuffed rotis
  • 1 teaspoon of peanut butter

Mid-day Snack

  • 1 glass of coconut water, along with 1 teaspoon of chia seeds


  • 2 mixed dal dosa
  • 1 katori of sambar
  • 1 katori of sprout salad

Evening Snack

  • 1 cup of any seasonal fruit


  • 2 rotis of multigrain flour
  • A katori of mixed dal
  • A katori of mix veg sabji

Day 5


  • 2 pieces of paneer/egg sandwich

Mid-day Snack

  • 1 glass of any herbal tea
  • A katori of roasted chana


  • 1½ katori of vegetable pulao
  • 1 katori of green salad

Evening Snack

  • 1½ cup of mushroom soup


  • 1 katori of cooked rice
  • 1 katori of any sabji you like
  • 1 katori of corn veggies salad

Day 6


  • 2 pieces of besan cheela

Mid-day Snack

  • 1 glass of buttermilk
  • 1 teaspoon of trail mix (mixed seeds)


  • 2 rotis of multigrain flour
  • Egg bhurji/tofu stir fry
  • 1 katori of mixed dal
  • 1 katori of sprouts salad

Evening Snack

  • ½ cup of roasted chana
  • 1 cup of broccoli salad


  • 100 grams of tofu/chicken
  • 1½ katori of mixed salad

Day 7


  • 2 pieces of vegetable moong dal idli
  • 1 katori of sambar
  • 2 teaspoons of coconut chutney

Mid-day Snack

  • 1 glass of herbal smoothie


  • 1 roti of multigrain flour
  • 1 katori of cooked brown rice
  • 1 katori of sprouts
  • 1 katori of mix veg sabji

Evening Snack

  • 1½ cup of vegetable soup


  • 1 katori of cooked rice
  • 1 katori of paneer sabji
  • 1 katori of green sabji

Read More: Vegetarian Diabetes Diet Plan With Indian Foods

Benefits of Pregnancy Diabetes Food Plan

Benefits of Pregnancy Diabetes Food Plan

Following are the benefits of following a gestational diabetes nutrition plan:

1. Blood Sugar Control

A gestational diabetes nutritional plan focuses on managing carbohydrate intake. According to the American Diabetes Association’s study, with proper diet, around 80% of cases of gestational diabetes can be dealt with and that too without medication. A diet chart for gestational diabetes in time of pregnancy is crucial in preventing complications for both the mother and the baby.

2. Healthy Weight Management

The plan encourages balanced and nutritious meals, aiding in maintaining a healthy weight during pregnancy. According to UT Southwestern Medical Center, following this kind of pregnancy diabetes food chart is clinically proven to lower sugar levels. The Indian gestational diabetes diet plan is important for both the short-term health of the mother and the long-term health of the child.

3. Reduced Risk of Complications

Proper nutrition can help greatly lessen the pile of complications. The complications include macrosomia (large birth weight), preterm birth, and respiratory distress syndrome for the baby. It also lowers the risk of preeclampsia and cesarean delivery for the mother.

4. Optimal Fetal Development

Following a diet chart for diabetic pregnant lady supports the proper development of the baby’s organs. It ensures optimal growth and reduces the risk of birth defects. According to Cedars Sinai Health, the pregnancy diabetes food plan will greatly help you in this regard.

5. Improved Maternal Health

Following a gestational diabetes nutrition plan can contribute to better maternal health. Thus reducing the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

6. Balanced Energy Levels

Eating well-balanced meals with the right mix of carbs, lean proteins, and fats helps maintain consistent energy levels. It also prevents spikes and crashes in blood sugar.

7. Educational Component

Following a nutritional plan often involves education on making healthier food choices. This can empower the mother to make informed decisions about her diet both during and after pregnancy.

8. Monitoring and Awareness

Regular checks on blood sugar levels and adherence to a nutritional plan increase nutritional awareness. Thus fostering a proactive approach to health.

9. Positive Lifestyle Habits

Embracing a meal plan for gestational diabetes often promotes healthier lifestyle habits. Adding regular light workout sessions is a big plus. This is beneficial for both the mother and the baby.

Pregnant ladies with gestational diabetes must work closely with their doctors and dietitians. They will tailor the best diet for gestational diabetes to their specific health needs.

Read More: Best Indian Diet Plan Chart for Weight Loss

Breathe Well-being’s Suggestions

In conclusion, a well-balanced and carefully planned 7-day meal plan for gestational diabetes is necessary. Incorporating nutrient-dense foods, monitoring portion sizes, and spreading meals throughout the day is the key. These steps can help you stabilize blood sugar levels. Remember, this meal plan is a starting point, and adjustments may be necessary based on ongoing monitoring and feedback. With dedication to a healthy lifestyle and dietary choices, women with gestational diabetes can navigate this temporary condition.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What Indian food is good for gestational diabetes?

Indian food good for gestational diabetes is as follows:

Green and non-starchy veggies
Whole grains
Dry fruits or nuts
Seeds, including chia and flax seeds
Lean proteins

What foods increase risk of gestational diabetes?

Foods that increase the risk of gestational diabetes include:

Refined carbs
Starchy veggies
Sugary drinks
Fruit juices
Dehydrated fruits and candies

Can I drink milk with gestational diabetes?

Full-fat milk for any kind of diabetes patient because it has IGF molecules. The IGF molecules disturb the insulin secretion in your body. Therefore, full-fat dairy products are to be avoided. You have to use low-fat or no-fat skimmed milk and also buttermilk in gestational diabetes.

What can I drink in the morning with gestational diabetes?

The morning drink for gestational diabetes patients can be:

Meethi dana water
Amla neem extract in water
Dalchini water
Herbal teas like ginger tea, chamomile tea, black tea, hibiscus tea, etc.
Lemon water, etc

Last Updated on by Dr. Damanjit Duggal 


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