Is Papaya Good for Diabetes Patients?

Medically Reviewed By: Dr. Damanjit Duggal, MD, MBBS March 30, 2022

Last updated on August 16th, 2023

Namaste, health-conscious readers! In a country where flavours explode like fireworks and traditional remedies hold a special place, we find ourselves wondering: Is papaya good for diabetes patients? So today, we’ll uncover the truth behind this sweet and succulent fruit and its potential benefits for those battling diabetes. In this article, we dive deep to give you all the info about the delicious papaya and its potential impact on sugar levels. We’ll uncover the truth about whether papaya truly deserves a place on the plates of those living with diabetes. We’ll guide you through the health benefits and share delicious ways to incorporate papaya into your diet and much more. Get ready to experience the magic of papaya as we peel away the layers of uncertainty. So here is the content table:

Papaya NutritionNutrition Value of papaya

Papaya nutrition is packed with antioxidants that help safeguard our cells from the harm inflicted by free radicals. These vital antioxidants, like beta-carotene, lycopene, etc., found in papaya have been established to give considerable health benefits. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, here is the papaya nutrition chart:

Nutritional Value of Papaya
Nutrients in 1 cup (per 100g) Amount
Energy 43 cal
Carbohydrates 9.8 g
Protein 0.47 g
Sugar 4.09 g
Fat 0.26 g
Fibre 1.7g
Potassium 182 mg
Vitamin A 42 ug
Magnesium 21 mg
Vitamin C 60.9 mg
Vitamin E 0.3 mg
Folate 37 ug

Read More: 16 Best Fruits Juice For Diabetes.

Papaya Glycemic Index – Is Papaya Good For Diabetes

Papaya Glycemic Index

According to the Glycemic Index Guide website, papaya glycemic index is around 60. This classifies it as a moderate GI food. But the Glycemic Index Guide website says the good news is papaya glycemic load is only 5.5. Thus categorising it in the low GL food category.

The glycemic index(GI) is a scale that categorises foods in the order in which they spike sugar levels in the bloodstream. A low glycemic index value indicates less spike and a gradual increase indicates a higher sugar spike. The glycemic load(GL) is the value of the product of carb quantity in a food, and in a serving you consume divided by 100. Since papaya GI is moderate, but its GL is low. Therefore, papaya for diabetes patients is safe to consume.

Papaya and Diabetes

Papaya for diabetes patients is considered good for consumption. Firstly, because it’s a low-glycemic fruit. This means it doesn’t cause a rapid spike in your sugar levels. Secondly, papaya contains a good amount of dietary fiber which delays the chances of blood sugar spikes. Plus, papaya has very little presence of natural sugar, i.e. just around 4 g per 100 grams, according to USDA. All these factors make papaya a good fruit choice for diabetes patients.

Moreover, a research paper in the International Journal of Nutrition Sciences analysed the impacts of papaya intake on blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes patients. The results showed that regularly eating papaya for diabetes patients positively impacted reducing blood sugar levels in these individuals. The researchers attributed this effect to papaya’s rich fibre content, saponins and flavonoids antioxidant properties. Fibre is extremely helpful for diabetics because it slows the absorption rate of sugar in the bloodstream, preventing sudden spikes. Moreover, the antioxidants present in papaya help lower oxidative stress, which is often elevated in diabetics.

Another study from the “Journal of Medicinal Food” 2014 found that fermented papaya preparation (FPP), a product derived from ripe papaya, had potential anti-diabetic effects. It was observed to improve insulin sensitivity and decrease blood sugar levels in animal experiments. However, further research is required to analyse these findings. Remember, while papaya for diabetes patients can be a great addition to the diet, it’s essential to consume it in moderation, just like any other fruit.

So, enjoy some papaya as part of your balanced diet, and it might just be a tasty and nutritious way to support your diabetes management efforts!

Read More: Is Jamun Good For Diabetes?

Benefits of Papaya for Diabetes Patients

Benefits of Papaya for Diabetes

Eating papaya can deliver windfall health gains for diabetes patients. Here are some of the main papaya health benefits:

Papaya Glycemic Index

Papaya GI is low, which implies it doesn’t disturb the sugar levels when consumed. This is crucial for diabetics, as it helps in governing sugar levels more efficiently.

Rich Fiber Content

Papaya for diabetes patients is beneficial as it has an abundance of dietary fibre, which is useful for diabetes management. According to the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, fibre slows down the absorption rate of sugar in the bloodstream. Thus deterring rapid fluctuations in sugar levels. It also helps promote a feeling of fullness and aids in weight management, which is important for diabetes patients.

 Read More: Is Ash Gourd Good For Diabetes?

Rich in Vitamins and Antioxidants

Papaya for diabetes patients is an excellent source of essential vitamins, such as vitamin C and vitamin A. It also contains antioxidants like carotenoids and flavonoids. These nutrients assist in battling oxidative stress & inflammation, which are popular cases in diabetes.

Potential Anti-Diabetic Properties

Some studies suggest that papaya for diabetes patients may have anti-diabetic effects. For instance, as per an NIH-published study, fermented papaya preparation (FPP) has shown promise in improving insulin sensitivity and lowering blood sugar levels. While better research is desired, these results are motivating.

Heart Health

Diabetics are often at a heightened risk of heart conditions. Papaya is good for diabetic patients, especially because of the presence of potassium, magnesium and fibre. According to the WebMD website, the antioxidants present in papaya prevent the oxidation of cholesterol, preventing heart blockages. These properties can benefit the heart’s health by assisting in adjusting blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Digestive Health

Papaya for diabetes patients is also good because of the enzymes present in papaya. Enzymes, such as papain, aid digestion and may help with digestive issues that sometimes accompany diabetics.

Weight Management

As a low-calorie and nutrient-dense fruit, papaya for diabetes patients can be a smart choice for managing their weight, which is vital for diabetes management.

Remember, while papaya has numerous health benefits, it’s necessary to eat it as a portion of a balanced diet, along with other diabetes-friendly foods.

Read More: HbA1c (Hemoglobin A1c) A1c Chart, Test, Levels, & Normal Range

Ways to Consume Papaya for Diabetes PatientsWays to Consume Papaya for Diabetes Patients

Incorporating papaya for diabetes patients into fun and delicious dishes can make managing diabetes enjoyable. Here are some mouthwatering papaya recipes suitable for diabetics:

Papaya Chaat

Take diced ripe papaya, cucumber, tomatoes, chopped coriander leaves and mint leaves, cumin powder, chaat masala, lemon juice and salt. Toss them together. Sprinkle cumin powder and chaat masala over the mixture. Squeeze some fresh lemon juice, and add a pinch of salt. There comes a tasty chaat full of papaya nutrition.

Papaya and Yogurt Smoothie

Take ripe papaya, plain yoghurt, ice cubes and honey or sweetener. Blend the papaya, yoghurt, and some ice until smooth. Add honey or sweetener if required. Pour the luscious papaya and yoghurt smoothie into a glass. Enjoy this smoothie full of papaya health benefits.

Read More: Top 10 Natural Remedies For Diabetes?

Papaya and Moong Sprouts Salad

In a large bowl, take ripe papaya, moong sprouts (boiled), chopped cucumber, carrots, tomatoes, green chillies (optional, for spice), lemon juice, chat masala, and salt. Crush fresh lemon over the salad, drizzle some chaat masala, and salt. Mix everything for a healthy and flavoursome salad of papaya and moong sprouts. This dish of papaya for a diabetic patient can be consumed as an evening snack.

Raw papaya in Dal

Raw papaya can be included as an ingredient in Indian dals. Adding papaya for diabetes patients will make the dal more fibrous and enhance its nutritional value.

Remember, these recipes are designed to be diabetes-friendly, but portion control is key. Enjoy these stunning papaya recipes in moderation and include them in your diabetes-friendly diet. Happy cooking and happy eating!

Papaya and Diabetes Side EffectsPapaya and Diabetes Side Effects

While papaya for diabetes patients can be beneficial when devoured in moderate amounts, it’s essential to be familiar with the possible side effects, especially if eaten excessively. Here are some considerations:

Blood Sugar Levels

Despite being a low-glycemic fruit, papaya sugar content is not negligible. If eaten in unreasonable portions, sugar in papaya can steer a rise in sugar levels. Diabetes patients should monitor their portions and account for the carbohydrate content in papaya when planning their meals.

Digestive Issues

Papaya contains an enzyme called papain, which can aid digestion in moderate amounts. However, excessive consumption of papaya for diabetes patients, especially unripe or green papaya, may lead to digestive discomforts, such as bloating or diarrhoea. Diabetes patients may have sensitive digestive systems, so it’s best to enjoy papaya in moderate portions.

Read More: Top 10 Natural Remedies For Diabetes?


Papaya and diabetes are not to be mixed for some. Some diabetics can be allergic to papaya, which can result in allergic responses like itching, breathing difficulties, etc. If you are in doubt about having a papaya allergy, resist eating it and seek medical guidance.

Drug Interactions

Papaya for diabetic patient, particularly the seeds and latex, contains compounds that may interfere with their medications. For example, the latex in papaya can interact with blood-thinning medications and antiplatelet drugs, potentially affecting blood clotting. If you’re on medications, do ask your doctor before putting papaya in your diet regime.

Interaction with Diabetes Medications

Papaya for diabetes patients, especially papaya leaf extract, may have hypoglycemic effects, which could lower blood sugar levels. If you’re taking diabetes medications like insulin or oral hypoglycemic drugs, consuming significant amounts of papaya for diabetic patient without adjusting the medication dosage could lead to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).

It’s crucial to scan blood sugar reports closely and work on them. Your healthcare provider will modify medication if required. Remember, moderation is the main thing to incorporate before including papaya or any food into a diabetes-friendly diet plan. Listening to your body and working closely with your healthcare team will help you make the best choices for your health.

Read More: Normal Blood Sugar Level for Adults Age-wise.


In conclusion, the answer to is papaya good for diabetes, is definitely yes! Papaya for diabetes patients can indeed be a delightful addition to their diets. Its low glycemic index, high fibre content, and rich nutrient profile make it a diabetes-friendly fruit that won’t cause dramatic spikes in blood sugar levels. The vitamins and antioxidants in papaya also offer extra health perks, supporting overall well-being and combating oxidative stress. Nonetheless, like with any food, moderation is the main thing to keep. Keeping portions in check and being mindful of overall carbohydrate intake is crucial to avoid any adverse effects on blood sugar levels. Always remember to discuss with your healthcare professionals before formulating substantial modifications to your diet, especially if you’re on diabetes medications. So, go ahead and indulge in some delicious papaya dishes, but be sure to strike a balance with other healthy foods in your meal plan. With the right approach, papaya can be a tasty ally in your journey to manage diabetes and enjoy a vibrant, flavourful diet!

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions):


How much papaya can a diabetic eat?

Papaya glycemic index is moderate, but it is not advisable for diabetes patients to intake excessive amounts. This is basically because of the natural sugar in papaya, which could spike sugar levels in the bloodstream.

Can I eat papaya at night?

Eating papaya for diabetes patients can help them ease their bowel movements and, thus, act as a laxative. However, ayurveda suggests no intake of fruits post-meal for 3 hours, so plan your meal accordingly.

Can diabetic patients eat papaya daily?

Yes, a diabetes patient can eat papaya daily and include it in their diet regime. Papaya is full of fibre, has a low glycemic index, eases digestion, and has anti-diabetic properties. So you can include it in the right amount after a discussion with your doctor.

Can papaya raise blood sugar?

Papaya glycemic index and glycemic load are low. Low GI foods are recommended for diabetes patients as they don’t disturb the sugar levels much. So papaya for diabetes patients will not raise blood sugar if eaten sensibly.

Can diabetics have raw papaya?

Yes, diabetics can have raw papaya as it has a high fibrous content along with promoting good gut health. Raw papaya has also been shown to lessen the risk of colon cancer. Another advantage of consuming raw papaya for diabetic patients is its lower sugar content than ripe ones.

Last Updated on by Dr. Damanjit Duggal 


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