Is Brinjal Good for Diabetes? Can Sugar Patients Eat Brinjal

Reviewed By Dietitian Dt. SEEMA GOEL (Senior Dietitian, 25 Years of Experience) February 7, 2024

Brinjal, known by various names like “Begun” in Bengali and “Ringna” in Gujarati, holds a significant place in Indian cuisine. This rather small plant, reaching up to 1.5 meters, is classified as a herb due to its non-woody stem. Its simple, oblong to oval leaves add to its distinctive features. Being a hardy crop, brinjal thrives in various types of soils. As a long-duration crop, it flourishes in well-drained fertile sandy loam soil. The aubergine, also referred to as eggplant or brinjal, belongs to the nightshade family, making it not just a vegetable but also a fruit used in culinary applications.

While there is ongoing research, some studies suggest that incorporating brinjal into a diabetes-friendly diet may have potential benefits. Brinjal is low in carbohydrates and calories, making it a suitable choice for those managing diabetes. It also contains dietary fiber, which can contribute to better blood sugar control. Additionally, brinjal is rich in antioxidants, particularly nasunin, which may play a role in supporting overall health. Let’s take a deeper look into the answer to the question: is brinjal good for diabetes?

Nutritional Profile of Brinjal

Let’s understand the valuable nutritional components that make brinjal a healthy addition to your meals.

  1. Caloric Content: At a mere 25 calories per 100 grams, brinjal is a low-calorie food, making it an excellent choice for those aiming to maintain a healthy weight. Its low caloric density allows for guilt-free indulgence, and its nutrient-rich composition adds to its appeal.
  2. Fat and Cholesterol: Brinjal is incredibly low in fat, with only 0.2 grams per 100 grams, making it a heart-healthy option. Moreover, it contains no saturated fat or cholesterol, making it a wise choice for individuals conscious of their cardiovascular health.
  3. Sodium and Potassium: With just 2 milligrams of sodium per 100 grams, brinjal is a low-sodium vegetable. On the flip side, it boasts a noteworthy 229 milligrams of potassium, contributing to 6% of the daily recommended intake. This dynamic duo helps maintain a healthy balance of fluids in the body and supports optimal blood pressure levels.
  4. Carbohydrates and Fiber: Brinjal contains 6 grams of carbohydrates per 100 grams, with 3.5 grams coming from granulated sugar. However, the standout feature is its impressive 3 grams of dietary fiber, constituting 12% of the daily recommended intake. This high fiber content promotes digestive health and helps regulate blood sugar levels.
  5. Protein: While not a significant source of protein, brinjal still provides 1 gram per 100 grams. Including it as part of a balanced diet ensures a diverse range of nutrients for overall well-being.
  6. Vitamins and Minerals: Brinjal contains essential vitamins and minerals, albeit in modest amounts. It contributes 3% of the daily recommended intake of Vitamin C, supporting the immune system. Additionally, it contains Vitamin B6 (5%), magnesium (3%), and traces of iron.

Read More: Is Apricot Good for Diabetics?

Is Brinjal Good for Diabetes? Brinjal and Blood Sugar Levels

Incorporating brinjal into a balanced and well-managed diet may hold promise for individuals with type 2 diabetes. Its fiber-rich composition, low soluble carbohydrates, and favorable glycemic index and load make it a worthy addition to meals aimed at maintaining stable blood sugar levels.

Brinjal’s Fiber-rich Composition:

One key aspect that makes brinjal a valuable addition to a diabetes-friendly diet is its rich fiber content. Fiber plays a crucial role in slowing down the absorption of sugar and promoting better blood sugar control.

Low Soluble Carbohydrates in Brinjal:

Brinjal stands out for its low soluble carbohydrate levels, making it an excellent choice for individuals managing type 2 diabetes.

Glycemic Index (GI) of Eggplant:

Brinjal, with a GI of 20, falls into the category of low GI foods. This means it has a slower impact on blood sugar levels, offering a more stable and controlled response compared to high-GI foods.

Glycemic Load (GL) of Eggplant:

The glycemic load further emphasizes why brinjal is good for diabetes, with a value of 1.7 categorizing it as a low GL food. This metric takes into account both the quality and quantity of carbohydrates, providing a more comprehensive view of a food’s impact on blood sugar.

Read More: Is Coconut Milk Good for Diabetics?

Health Benefits of Brinjal

Health Benefits of Brinjal

  1. Blood Sugar Stability: Brinjal’s low Glycemic Index (GI) of 20 ensures a gradual release of glucose into the bloodstream. This steadiness in blood sugar levels is crucial for individuals with diabetes to avoid sudden spikes or crashes.
  2. Carbohydrate Control: With only 4 grams of carbohydrates per 100 grams is another reason why brinjal is good for diabetic patient. This helps in controlling blood glucose levels and supports diabetes management.
  3. Digestive Health: Brinjal is rich in dietary fiber, promoting optimal digestive health. The fiber content aids in preventing constipation, supports regular bowel movements, and contributes to a healthy gastrointestinal system, which is particularly beneficial for those with diabetes.
  4. Antioxidant Defense: Brinjal’s rich array of antioxidants, including anthocyanins, provides a robust defense against oxidative stress. Antioxidants help neutralize free radicals, potentially reducing the risk of chronic diseases commonly associated with diabetes.
  5. Blood Sugar Regulation: The soluble fiber in brinjal plays a crucial role in regulating blood sugar levels. By slowing down the absorption of sugar during digestion, brinjal helps maintain steady blood glucose levels, contributing to overall glycemic control.
  6. Heart Health Support: Studies suggest that brinjal consumption may contribute to lower levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. These heart-healthy effects are particularly beneficial for individuals with diabetes, as they often have an increased risk of cardiovascular issues.
  7. Weight Management: Brinjal’s low-calorie content and high fiber composition make it an ideal addition to weight management plans. The fiber promotes a feeling of fullness, reducing overall calorie intake and supporting weight loss efforts for individuals with diabetes.
  8. Nutrient Boost: Brinjal is not only low in calories but also rich in essential nutrients. It provides significant amounts of vitamins A, C, and K, along with potassium. These nutrients contribute to overall health and well-being, supporting individuals with diabetes in maintaining a balanced diet.
  9. Cancer Protection: Compounds like solasodine rhamnosyl glycosides (SRGs) found in brinjal may offer protection against cancer cells. While research is ongoing, these compounds show promise in preventing the development and recurrence of certain types of cancer.
  10. Versatile Culinary Option: Brinjal’s versatility in cooking methods, from baking to roasting, allows individuals with diabetes to enjoy diverse and nutritious meals. This culinary flexibility adds variety to their diet, making healthy eating more enjoyable.
  11. Aids Digestive Comfort: Beyond its impact on blood sugar, the fiber in brinjal contributes to digestive comfort by preventing constipation and promoting a healthy digestive tract. This aspect is vital for individuals with diabetes, as digestive health is often interconnected with overall well-being.

Incorporating brinjal into a diabetic diet offers a multitude of health benefits, ranging from blood sugar regulation to supporting heart health and digestion. Always consult healthcare professionals for personalized dietary guidance tailored to individual health needs.

Read More: Is Bottle Gourd Good For Diabetes?

Healthy Ways to Prepare Brinjal

Healthy Ways to Prepare Brinjal

  1. Grilling: Delight your taste buds with Grilled Brinjal Skewers, where eggplant slices are threaded onto skewers, lightly brushed with olive oil, and seasoned with herbs. Serve with a refreshing Herbed Yogurt Dip for a delightful appetizer. For a heartier option, try Mediterranean Grilled Brinjal Sandwiches featuring marinated eggplant slices layered with feta, tomatoes, and fresh basil.
  2. Baking: Embrace a lighter version of the classic with Baked Brinjal Parmesan Stacks. Thin slices of brinjal are baked to perfection, layered with marinara sauce, and topped with a sprinkle of mozzarella and Parmesan cheese. Another option is Garlic and Herb Baked Brinjal Fries, a flavorful and healthier alternative to traditional potato fries.
  3. Steaming: Explore the delicate flavors of Steamed Brinjal and Quinoa Stuffed Bell Peppers, where steamed brinjal adds a unique texture to a quinoa-based filling. You can also pour brinjal based sambhar over this bowl of quinoa to give a twist to the classic sambar rice.
  4. Sautéing with Minimal Oil: Create a wholesome Sautéed Brinjal and Chickpea Bowl, where lightly sautéed brinjal mingles with chickpeas, fresh greens, and a drizzle of tahini dressing.

Read More: Is Jamun Good For Diabetes?

Some more dishes made with brinjal for diabetes patient:

  1. Baba Ganoush: Roasted eggplant blended with tahini, garlic, lemon juice, and olive oil to make a delicious Middle Eastern dip.
  2. Eggplant Parmesan: Baked or grilled eggplant slices layered with marinara sauce and mozzarella cheese.
  3. Stuffed Eggplant: Hollowed out eggplant halves filled with a mixture of quinoa, vegetables, and herbs.
  4. Roasted Eggplant Soup: Roasted eggplant blended with broth, tomatoes, and herbs to create a hearty and healthy soup.
  5. Eggplant and Chickpea Curry: Eggplant and chickpeas cooked in a flavorful curry sauce made with spices, tomatoes, and coconut milk.
  6. Grilled Eggplant Wraps: Grilled eggplant slices wrapped around a filling of hummus, roasted red peppers, and fresh greens.
  7. Baingan Bharta: Roasted and mashed eggplant cooked with tomatoes, onions, and a blend of spices, offering a smoky and savory flavor profile.
  8. Bharwa Baingan: Small eggplants stuffed with a spiced masala mixture, shallow or deep-fried to perfection, providing a crunchy exterior and a burst of flavors.

These diverse dishes made with brinjal for sugar patients offer a range of tastes and textures while prioritizing health considerations for individuals with diabetes. Enjoy exploring these flavorful options!

 Read More: Is Ash Gourd Good For Diabetes?

FAQ’s (Frequently Asked Questions)

When to avoid eating brinjal?

You should avoid eating brinjal if you:
– Have a weak digestive system.
– Have allergies.
– Are taking depression medication.
– Are suffering from anxiety.

Which color brinjal is good for diabetic patients?

The color of brinjal doesn’t significantly impact its suitability for diabetic patients. Choose fresh, firm brinjals, regardless of color, and incorporate them into your diet in moderation.

Is brinjal good for sugar patients?

Yes, brinjal is a suitable choice for individuals with diabetes or high blood sugar. Its nutritional profile supports a healthy diet when consumed as part of a varied and balanced meal plan.

Is brinjal good for diabetic patients?

Certainly. Brinjal is a nutritious vegetable that can be part of a well-balanced diet for diabetic patients due to its low-carbohydrate and high-fiber nature.

Is baingan good for diabetes?

Yes, baingan (brinjal/eggplant) is beneficial for diabetes. Its low-calorie and high-fiber content make it a healthy addition to a diabetic-friendly diet.

Can a sugar patient eat brinjal?

Absolutely! Brinjal is a good choice for individuals with diabetes as it has a low glycemic index and may help regulate blood sugar levels.

Can a diabetic patient eat brinjal?

Yes, brinjal can be included in a diabetic diet. It is low in calories and carbohydrates, making it a suitable choice when consumed in moderation.

Last Updated on by Dr. Damanjit Duggal 


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