Is Cabbage Good For Diabetes – Nutritional Values of Cabbage

Reviewed By Dietitian Dt. SEEMA GOEL (Senior Dietitian, 25 Years of Experience) February 7, 2024

In today’s health-conscious society, understanding the impact of dietary choices on our well-being is crucial. One health concern that has garnered significant attention is diabetes, a condition affecting millions worldwide. The choices we make in our daily meals play a pivotal role in managing diabetes effectively. Dietary decisions can be empowering tools in the hands of individuals aiming to control their blood sugar levels. This blog aims to shed light on the nutritional aspects of cabbage, a versatile and highly nutritious vegetable, and its potential benefits for those managing diabetes.

Nutritional Values Of Cabbage

Cabbage, often overlooked in discussions about superfoods, is a powerhouse of essential nutrients. Rich in vitamin C, fiber, and vitamin K, cabbage boasts a nutritional profile that extends beyond its humble appearance. Contrary to the misconception that healthy eating comes at a high cost, cabbage stands out as an affordable and accessible vegetable. Its versatility in the kitchen allows for various culinary creations, ensuring that incorporating this nutrient-packed vegetable into your diet is both easy and enjoyable.

Cabbage Nutrition Facts 100g
Nutrient Amount Per 100g % Daily Value*
Calories 25
Total Fat 0.1g 0%
Saturated Fat 0g 0%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 18mg 0%
Potassium 170mg 4%
Total Carbohydrate 6g 2%
Dietary Fiber 2.5g 10%
Granulated Sugar 3.2g
Protein 1.3g 2%

*The above cabbage nutrient content is based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

As per USDA cabbage has an impressive array of vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber. Its low-calorie nature, combined with the absence of cholesterol and minimal fat, makes it a versatile and health-conscious choice for various dietary preferences. Here is the cabbage nutritional value per 100g:

1.. Calories: 25

Cabbage is a low-calorie option, making it an excellent choice for those aiming to maintain a healthy weight or manage calorie intake.

2. Total Fat: 0.1g

With minimal fat content, cabbage provides a guilt-free option for individuals mindful of their fat consumption.

3. Cholesterol: 0mg

Cabbage is cholesterol-free, contributing to heart-healthy eating habits.

4. Sodium: 18mg

Another one of the health benefits of cabbage is that it is low in sodium, cabbage helps in maintaining a balanced diet that supports cardiovascular health.

5. Potassium: 170mg (4% DV)

A source of potassium, cabbage plays a role in maintaining proper blood pressure levels and overall cardiovascular health. This makes cabbage good for blood pressure management.

6. Total Carbohydrate: 6g (2% DV)

With a moderate carbohydrate content, cabbage can be included in various diets, including those aimed at managing diabetes.

7. Dietary Fiber: 2.5g (10% DV)

Cabbage is a notable source of dietary fiber, aiding in digestive health and providing a sense of fullness.

8. Granulated Sugar: 3.2g

While cabbage contains sugar, it’s naturally occurring and not in excessive amounts, making it a wholesome choice.

9. Protein: 1.3g (2% DV)

Although not a significant source of protein, cabbage contributes to overall protein intake in a well-balanced diet.

10. Essential Cabbage Vitamins and Minerals

  • Vitamin C: 60% DV: Cabbage emerges as a powerhouse of Vitamin C, crucial for immune function, skin health, and antioxidant protection.
  • Calcium: 4% DV: While not a primary source of calcium, cabbage contributes to overall bone health.
  • Iron: 2% DV: Cabbage provides a modest amount of iron, essential for transporting oxygen in the blood.
  • Vitamin B6: 5% DV: This vitamin plays a role in brain development and function, contributing to overall cognitive health.
  • Magnesium: 3% DV: Cabbage contains magnesium, supporting various bodily functions, including muscle and nerve function.

Read More: 7 Day Indian Diet Plan for Diabetic Patients

Health Benefits of Cabbage

Health Benefits of Cabbage

From supporting heart health to aiding digestion and inflammation control, this versatile vegetable deserves a prominent place on your plate. With its nutrient-rich profile, affordability, and culinary adaptability, cabbage proves that good health can be both delicious and accessible. This cruciferous green vegetable has an impressive array of health benefits backed by scientific research.

1. Rich Nutrient Profile:

Cabbage stands out with its remarkable nutrient content despite being low in calories. A mere 1 cup of raw green cabbage provides a wealth of essential elements, including vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, and manganese. This nutrient-packed vegetable is a valuable addition to your diet, supporting crucial bodily functions.

2. Inflammation Control:

Chronic inflammation is linked to numerous health issues, and cabbage’s antioxidant-rich composition has been shown to combat this concern. According to this report from NCBI, cruciferous vegetables like cabbage contain antioxidants, such as sulforaphane and kaempferol, which play a pivotal role in reducing chronic inflammation.

3. Vitamin C Powerhouse:

Cabbage emerges as a potent source of vitamin C, a crucial water-soluble vitamin with multifaceted benefits. Beyond supporting the immune system, vitamin C aids collagen production, facilitates iron absorption, and acts as a powerful antioxidant. According to Webmd, the health benefits of red cabbage, in particular, shines by providing an impressive 56% of the Daily Value per cup.

4. Digestive Health Booster:

Another one of the benefits of eating cabbage is that it is loaded with both insoluble and soluble fiber, and hence, cabbage contributes to a healthy digestive system. Insoluble fiber adds bulk to stool, promoting regular bowel movements, while soluble fiber supports the growth of beneficial gut bacteria. Enhancing your digestive health has never been more delicious with the addition of fiber-rich cabbage to your meals.

5. Heart Health Support:

The vibrant purple color of red cabbage is attributed to anthocyanins, powerful compounds associated with heart health. Studies done by NCBI, indicate that increased anthocyanin intake correlates with a reduced risk of heart disease. Cabbage, with its extensive variety of anthocyanins, proves to be a heart-healthy choice, potentially lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

6. Blood Pressure Regulation:

Potassium, found abundantly in red cabbage, plays a pivotal role in regulating blood pressure. This mineral helps counteract the effects of sodium, promoting the excretion of excess sodium and relaxing blood vessel walls. By including potassium-rich cabbage in your diet, you may contribute to maintaining healthy blood pressure levels.

7. Cholesterol Management:

Cabbage offers a dual approach to cholesterol management through soluble fiber and plant sterols. Soluble fiber binds with cholesterol in the gut, reducing absorption, while phytosterols block cholesterol absorption in the digestive tract. Including cabbage in your diet may assist in maintaining optimal cholesterol levels.

8. Vitamin K for Clotting:

Vitamin K, particularly K1 found in cabbage, plays a crucial role in blood clotting. Acting as a cofactor for clotting enzymes, vitamin K ensures proper blood clotting and reduces the risk of excessive bleeding. Cabbage becomes a valuable dietary source, providing 56% of the Daily Value per cup as per Webmd.

9. Versatile and Affordable:

Beyond its health benefits, cabbage stands out for its versatility in the kitchen. Whether raw or cooked, in salads, soups, or stews, this affordable and adaptable vegetable easily finds its way into a variety of recipes. Adding cabbage to your plate not only enhances your health but also your culinary experience.

Read More: Is Cauliflower Good for Diabetic Patients?

Types of Cabbage and Their Unique Benefits

Types of Cabbage and Their Unique Benefits

1. Red Cabbage:

Also known as Blaukraut, red cabbage boasts dark red or purple leaves. Its vibrant color adds a visual appeal to dishes, making it a popular choice for salads and coleslaws.

2. Napa Cabbage:

Known as Chinese cabbage, Napa cabbage resembles romaine lettuce but brings its distinct texture and flavor to the table. It finds its place in raw salads, soups, and even as a delightful dumpling filling.

3. Cannonball Cabbage:

Named for its densely wound leaves, cannonball cabbage, or green cabbage, is a common variety worldwide. Its compact nature makes it suitable for various culinary applications.

4. Green Cabbage:

The most prevalent cabbage globally, green cabbage offers a crisp texture, mild flavor, and versatility in cooking. From stir-fries to sautés, it remains a kitchen staple, especially in India.

5. Bok Choy:

Gaining popularity in India, Bok Choy is an exotic vegetable with a unique taste. Growing it at home ensures a fresh supply, and its inclusion in dishes adds a delightful twist.

6. Brussels Sprouts:

A rare find in India, Brussels sprouts belong to the cabbage family. Despite their tiny size, these miniature cabbages offer a distinctive flavor and nutritional benefits.

7. Kale:

Known as the “headless cabbage,” kale stands out as a cabbage variety with its curly leaves and robust flavor profile. It has gained popularity for its nutritional value and culinary versatility.

8. Kohlrabi:

Part of the cabbage family, kohlrabi is a cruciferous vegetable with a taste reminiscent of turnips and water chestnuts. Its texture, similar to broccoli stalks, makes it a unique addition to dishes.

  • The most common cabbage variants are white and red cabbage.
  • White cabbage is the predominant type available in India.
  • Bok Choy is gaining popularity but might be challenging to find in local markets.
  • The season for cabbage in India is typically during winter.

Read More: Is Rice Good For Diabetes? 

Cabbage And Diabetes Management: Is Cabbage Healthy For Diabetics

Cabbage offers a combination of low calories, high fiber, and a low glycemic index. By incorporating this versatile vegetable into your meals, you not only enhance the nutritional content of your diet but also contribute to stable blood sugar levels.

1. Low in Calories and Carbs:

Cabbage stands out as a diabetes-friendly vegetable due to its low-calorie and low-carb nature. For those mindful of their calorie and carbohydrate intake, cabbage becomes a valuable addition to the plate.

2. High in Fiber:

One of the key elements contributing to cabbage’s diabetes management prowess is its high fiber content. Fiber plays a vital role in regulating blood sugar levels, aiding in digestion, and promoting a sense of fullness. By incorporating cabbage into your meals, you contribute to a diet that supports stable blood sugar levels.

3. Low Glycemic Index (GI):

Understanding the glycemic index is paramount in crafting a diabetes-friendly diet. Cabbage boasts a low GI of 10, indicating that it has a minimal impact on blood glucose levels. Foods with lower GI values are preferable for individuals with diabetes, as they promote a slower and steadier rise in blood sugar.

4. Rich in Nutrients:

Cabbage isn’t just a low-calorie filler; it’s a nutrient-packed vegetable. Packed with essential vitamins and minerals such as vitamin B6, vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese, and folate, cabbage provides a nutritional boost that is especially beneficial for overall well-being.

5. Antioxidant Properties:

The antioxidant properties found in cabbage further elevate its standing in diabetes management. Antioxidants help combat oxidative stress in the body, contributing to the prevention of complications associated with diabetes.

Read More: 7 Day Meal Plan for Prediabetes

Incorporating Cabbage into a Diabetes-Friendly Diet

Incorporating Cabbage into a Diabetes-Friendly Diet

Try out the following cabbage dishes that are diabetic friendly:

1. Cabbage Sabzi:

Ingredients: Cabbage, tomatoes, onions, spices

This simple yet flavorful stir-fry combines shredded cabbage with tomatoes and onions, sautéed to perfection. Rich in fiber and low in carbs, it’s an ideal dish for any diabetic-friendly meal.

2. Cabbage Paratha:

Ingredients: Whole wheat flour, cabbage, spices

Swap traditional flour with whole wheat to make these heart-healthy parathas. Grated cabbage mixed with spices makes a delicious stuffing, providing a satisfying meal without spiking blood sugar levels. You can also use leftover cabbage sabzi to make these parathas.

3. Cabbage and Moong Dal Soup:

Ingredients: Cabbage, moong dal, vegetables, spices

Warm up your taste buds with a hearty cabbage and moong dal soup. Packed with protein and fiber, this soup is not only diabetes-friendly but also a comforting treat for any day.

4. Cabbage and Methi Thepla:

Ingredients: Cabbage, fenugreek leaves, whole wheat flour, spices

Thepla, a popular Indian flatbread, gets a healthy twist by incorporating cabbage and nutrient-rich fenugreek leaves. Enjoy it with a side of low-fat yogurt for a balanced meal.

5. Cabbage and Chana Dal Curry:

Ingredients: Cabbage, chana dal, tomatoes, spices

Elevate your culinary experience with this protein-packed curry. Chana dal adds a dose of plant-based protein, making it an excellent choice for those looking to manage their blood sugar levels.

6. Cabbage and Carrot Salad with Mustard Dressing:

Ingredients: Cabbage, carrots, mustard, lemon juice

Refresh your palate with a crisp and crunchy salad. Cabbage and carrots, tossed in a zesty mustard dressing, create a low-calorie, high-fiber dish that’s perfect for a light lunch or dinner.

7. Cabbage and Tofu Stir-Fry:

Ingredients: Cabbage, tofu, bell peppers, soy sauce

For a delightful fusion twist, try this cabbage and tofu stir-fry. High in protein and low in carbs, it’s a savory option that satisfies the taste buds while adhering to diabetic dietary guidelines.

Read More: Vegetarian Diabetes Diet Plan With Indian Foods

Benefit Of Cabbage Juice

Benefit Of Cabbage Juice

1. Benefits Of Cabbage For Weight Loss

For those on a weight loss journey, cabbage juice can be a valuable ally. With low calories and high fiber in cabbage, it promotes satiety, helping you feel full for longer periods. Additionally, the presence of sulforaphane, a compound found in cabbage, may contribute to weight loss by supporting fat metabolism.

2. Gut Health Support:

Cabbage juice is renowned for its potential to improve gut health. The juice contains natural probiotics that aid in promoting a healthy balance of gut bacteria. This can be particularly beneficial for those with digestive issues, as it may help alleviate symptoms such as bloating and indigestion.

3. Inflammation Reduction:

Inflammation is a common culprit behind various health issues, and cabbage juice has anti-inflammatory properties that may help combat this issue. The presence of antioxidants and phytonutrients in cabbage contributes to reducing inflammation, potentially offering relief for individuals dealing with inflammatory conditions.

4. Hormone Balancing Act:

Maintaining hormonal balance is crucial for overall well-being, and cabbage juice may play a role in this aspect. The compounds found in cabbage are thought to help regulate hormones, contributing to a more balanced hormonal profile.

5. Gentle Detoxification:

Cabbage juice acts as a gentle detoxifier for the body. It helps flush out toxins and supports the liver’s natural detoxification processes. Incorporating cabbage juice into your routine can be a refreshing way to promote overall detoxification and support your body’s natural cleansing mechanisms.

6. Benefits of Cabbage Juice for Skin:

  • Clears Skin Impurities: Cabbage juice is rich in antioxidants and vitamin C, helping to detoxify the skin by eliminating impurities and promoting a clearer complexion.
  • Anti-Aging Properties: The presence of phytonutrients in cabbage juice aids in reducing the signs of aging, such as fine lines and wrinkles, promoting a more youthful appearance.
  • Hydration: Cabbage juice is a hydrating elixir for the skin, assisting in maintaining optimal moisture levels and preventing dryness.
  • Anti-Inflammatory: Another one of the benefits of cabbage for skin is that it can soothe irritated skin conditions, including acne and redness, promoting a calmer and healthier complexion.
  • Collagen Production: The high vitamin C content stimulates collagen production, contributing to skin elasticity and firmness.

7. Benefits of Cabbage Juice for Ulcers:

  • Anti-Ulcer Properties: Cabbage juice is known for its anti-ulcer effect, providing relief and promoting healing in cases of peptic ulcers.
  • Soothing Effect: The juice’s natural compounds, including glutamine, help soothe the stomach lining, reducing inflammation and discomfort associated with ulcers.
  • Rich in Antioxidants: Cabbage juice contains antioxidants that protect the stomach lining from oxidative stress, potentially preventing the development of ulcers.
  • Anti-Bacterial Action: The juice may exhibit antibacterial properties, helping combat Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium associated with the development of ulcers.
  • Aid in Digestive Health: Cabbage juice supports overall digestive health, promoting a balanced environment in the stomach and preventing exacerbation of ulcer symptoms.

Cabbage proves to be a nutritional powerhouse for diabetes management, boasting low calories, high fiber, and a low glycemic index. Packed with vital nutrients and antioxidant properties, it goes beyond blood sugar regulation, contributing to overall well-being. With its potential to enhance meals and stabilize blood sugar levels, cabbage stands as a simple yet impactful choice for those aiming for improved health and effective diabetes care.

Read More: Best Indian Diet Plan Chart for Weight Loss

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What are the benefits of purple cabbage?

Purple cabbage offers various health benefits. It is rich in antioxidants, particularly anthocyanins, which help protect cells from damage. Additionally, it is a good source of vitamins C and K, contributing to immune function and bone health. The anti-inflammatory properties of purple cabbage further enhance its nutritional value.

What are the benefits of violet cabbage?

Violet cabbage shares similar advantages with purple cabbage. It is abundant in anthocyanins, providing antioxidant benefits. Furthermore, its high fiber content supports digestive health, and it contains essential vitamins and minerals crucial for overall well-being.

What are the benefits of green cabbage?

Green cabbage is a nutritious vegetable with several benefits. It is an excellent source of vitamin K, promoting bone health and aiding in blood clotting. High levels of vitamin C support the immune system, and the fiber content helps in digestion while providing a sense of fullness.

Is cabbage good for prediabetes?

Yes, cabbage can be beneficial for individuals with prediabetes. Being a low-calorie and nutrient-dense vegetable, cabbage is a suitable choice. Its high fiber content assists in regulating blood sugar levels, making it a valuable addition to a balanced diet aimed at managing prediabetes.

Is cabbage good for type 2 diabetes?

Certainly! Cabbage, especially when steamed or sautéed, is a healthy option for those with type 2 diabetes. The fiber in cabbage slows down the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, contributing to stabilized blood sugar levels. Including cabbage in a diabetic diet can aid in better blood sugar control as part of an overall healthy eating plan.

Last Updated on by Dr. Damanjit Duggal 


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