Benefits of Eating Muskmelon for Diabetes Patients

Reviewed By Dietitian Dt. SEEMA GOEL (Senior Dietitian) November 23, 2023

Muskmelons, scientifically known as Cucumis melo, are a type of sweet and flavorful melon that belongs to the gourd family. These fruits are characterized by their juicy orange flesh and netted or reticulated skin. Muskmelons are widely cultivated and enjoyed around the world for their refreshing taste. They are renowned for their natural sweetness, owing to the presence of natural sugars like fructose. The exact sweetness can vary depending on factors like ripeness and the specific variety of muskmelon. Its succulent flesh, vibrant color, and unique flavor make it a popular choice for many.

However, it’s crucial to be mindful of the sugar content, particularly for people trying to manage diabetes.  Let’s take a deeper look at the properties of muskmelon to get the answer to the question, “Is muskmelon good for diabetes?”

Glycemic Index of Muskmelon

To understand the relationship between musk melon and diabetes, it’s important to know what a glycemic index is. The glycemic index (GI) is a measure that ranks how quickly carbohydrates in food raise blood sugar levels. Muskmelon generally has a moderate glycemic index (150 gm of musk melon has a GI of 65). The moderate GI indicates that the carbohydrates in muskmelon are absorbed at a moderate rate, leading to a gradual and steady increase in blood sugar levels.

Muskmelon’s specific glycemic index can vary based on factors like ripeness and how it’s consumed. Riper fruits tend to have a higher glycemic index than less ripe ones. This means that as muskmelon ripens, the carbohydrates in it may be broken down more quickly during digestion, potentially leading to a slightly higher and quicker increase in blood sugar levels.

Read More: Is Dragon Fruit Good For Diabetics?

Glycemic Load of Muskmelon

The glycemic load (GL) of a food takes into account both the quality and quantity of carbohydrates. It provides a more accurate picture of how a specific amount of food affects blood sugar levels compared to the glycemic index (GI) alone.

The glycemic load of muskmelon is good for diabetes patients. With a low glycemic load of 3.14, muskmelon is characterized by a balanced carbohydrate profile that suggests minimal impact on blood sugar levels.

The combination of a medium GI and low GL correctly answers the question: does muskmelon increase sugar level? Hence, muskmelon can be a sensible choice for diabetics, as it implies that the fruit is less likely to lead to significant fluctuations in blood sugar levels.

Read More: Is Cranberry Juice Good for Diabetics?

Nutritional Value of Muskmelon

This refreshing and sweet summer fruit not only delights the taste buds but also packs a punch when it comes to nutritional value. Understanding the nutritional content of muskmelon is essential for people with diabetes. The nutritional content of muskmelon can vary based on factors like size, but on average, a serving of muskmelon (about 5 cups or 552 grams) provides the following:

Calories: 188

Muskmelon is a low-calorie fruit, offering a sweet treat without causing significant spikes in blood sugar levels.

Carbohydrates: 45 grams

While muskmelon contains carbohydrates, the moderate amount contributes to a steady energy release, preventing abrupt increases in blood sugar.

Fiber: 5 grams

The fiber content in muskmelon supports digestive health and helps regulate blood sugar levels. It promotes a feeling of fullness, assisting in portion control.

Protein: 5 grams

Muskmelon provides a small yet valuable amount of protein, contributing to satiety and helping with blood sugar management.

Fat: 1 gram

With negligible fat content, muskmelon aligns with a heart-healthy, low-fat diet—a key consideration for those with diabetes.

Vitamin C: 106% of the daily recommended intake

The high vitamin C content in muskmelon supports immune health without adversely affecting blood sugar levels.

Vitamin A: 120% of the daily recommended intake

Essential for vision and overall well-being, vitamin A in muskmelon comes with the added benefit of promoting health without posing concerns for individuals with diabetes.

Potassium: 14% of the daily recommended intake

Muskmelon’s potassium content is advantageous for heart health, providing a valuable nutrient without compromising blood sugar control.

Folate: 9% of the daily recommended intake

Folate, important for cell division and growth, is present in muskmelon in a quantity that supports health without posing risks for those with diabetes.

Read More: Is Apricot Good for Diabetics?

Muskmelon Benefits for Diabetes

Muskmelon Benefits for Diabetes

Hydration Support:

Staying well-hydrated with just water can get boring at times. So muskmelon’s high water content becomes a valuable asset for people with diabetes, providing hydration without the added concern of spiking blood sugar levels. Staying hydrated is also crucial for overall health and diabetes management.

Antioxidant Defense:

Rich in antioxidants like vitamin C and beta-carotene, muskmelon acts as a protective shield against oxidative stress. This is particularly beneficial for diabetics, as antioxidants help combat cellular damage linked to chronic conditions.

Eye Health Enhancement:

The vitamin A content in muskmelon promotes healthy vision, a concern for many individuals with diabetes. Including muskmelon in the diet can contribute to maintaining optimal eye health and reducing the risk of diabetes-related eye complications.

Heart Health Support:

Muskmelon’s potassium content plays a pivotal role in regulating blood pressure levels, supporting cardiovascular health. For individuals with diabetes, maintaining heart health is of utmost importance, and muskmelon can be a heart-friendly addition to their diet.

Digestive Wellness:

The fiber content in muskmelon supports digestive health, a critical aspect for individuals managing diabetes. It aids in regulating bowel movements and preventing constipation, contributing to overall digestive well-being.

Weight Management:

For those with diabetes and aiming for weight management, muskmelon proves to be a strategic and delicious addition. Its low calorie and high water content provide a sense of fullness, helping control overeating. The dietary fiber in muskmelon further supports digestion, aligning with the goals of a diabetes-friendly weight management plan.

Note: As with any food, mindful consumption is key to reaping the benefits of muskmelon for diabetes, without compromising blood sugar levels. Here are some crucial points to keep in mind:

Read More: Is Jamun Good For Diabetes?


Muskmelon emerges as a diabetic-friendly delight, offering a sweet and nutritious solution. With its low GI and GL, hydrating properties, antioxidant benefits, and potential support for weight management, muskmelon can be a flavorful addition to the diabetes management plan. As with any dietary choice, moderation and awareness are pivotal, allowing individuals with diabetes to relish the healthful perks of muskmelon while maintaining stable blood sugar levels.

FAQs ( Frequently Asked Question)

How much muskmelon can a person with diabetes have?

For individuals with diabetes, the recommended serving size of muskmelon is approximately 1 cup or up to 120 grams. However, personal dietary needs can vary.

Can diabetics safely consume muskmelon?

Clinical dietitians affirm that a diabetic patient can eat muskmelon when consumed in moderation. With a medium glycemic index (GI) of 65 and a low glycemic load (GL) of 3.14, muskmelon exerts minimal impact on blood sugar levels.

Are muskmelon juices/smoothies recommended for diabetes?

Opt for whole, fresh muskmelon over juices or smoothies to avoid excess calories and sugar.

How does muskmelon contribute to weight management in diabetes?

Low in calories and high in water, it provides a sense of fullness and supports weight management.

Is kharbuja good for diabetes?

Kharbuja is another name for musk melon and hence, yes, it is a good choice to have kharbuja for diabetes.

Last Updated on by Dr. Damanjit Duggal 


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