Glycemic Index Food Chart: Impact of Low and High GI Foods on Blood Sugar Levels

Carbohydrates are like the fuel for our bodies, especially for managing blood sugar levels. When we eat carbs, our bodies break them down into sugar, which is then used for energy. But not all carbs are the same. Some make blood sugar rise quickly, while others do so slowly. This is where the glycemic index (GI) comes in. It’s a scale that ranks how quickly different carbs raise blood sugar. Foods with a high GI cause a rapid spike, while those with a low GI lead to a slower, steadier increase. Understanding this helps us make healthier food choices for stable energy levels.

GI Level Chart Classification

The classification of glycemic index (GI) categorises carbohydrates based on their effect on blood sugar levels. It measures how quickly a carbohydrate-containing food raises blood glucose compared to pure glucose, which has a GI of 100. According to the Better Health Channel, here’s the categorisation of glycemic index:

  • Foods with a low GI (55 or less) cause a slower, more gradual increase in blood sugar levels. These include most fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.
  • On the other hand, foods with a high GI (70 or more) cause a rapid spike in blood sugar levels. These often include processed and refined carbohydrates like white bread, sugary snacks, and some cereals.
  • Foods with a moderate GI (56 to 69) fall in between.

Understanding food and glycemic index chart classification is crucial for managing blood sugar levels, especially for people with diabetes or those seeking to regulate energy levels effectively. By carefully reviewing a GI chart of foods and choosing foods with a lower GI, one can maintain more stable blood sugar levels throughout the day.

Read More: Is Oats Good For Diabetics ? Glycemic Index of Oats

Low GI Scale Chart For Different Foods

Picking up your meals out of a food glycemic index table with low GI options is mostly safe for people with diabetes. Here’s a food GI index chart of some Indian foods that fall under the low GI category:

Food Glycemic Index
Broccoli 15
Apple 39
Milk 27
Soybean 16
Barley 25
Eggs 0
Banana (raw) 40
Orange 42
Dates 45
Carrots 16
Beans 40
Green Peas 22
Poha 45
Rolled Oats 53
Kidney Beans 19
Black Chick Peas 28

Medium Glycemic Index Food Chart

A food GI table that has foods with moderate glycemic index is suitable for those who don’t have extreme sugar spikes. Here’s a GI Chart of Indian foods that fall under the medium GI category:

Food Glycemic Index
Sweet Potato 56
Dried Fruits 60
Honey 61
Brown Rice 50
White Rice 55
Beetroot 61
Papaya 60
Rye 64
Brown Bread 65
Wheat Roti 62
Vermicelli 58

High GI Scale Chart For Different Foods

Understanding what foods fall in the high glycaemic index food chart is essential so people know what to avoid. Indian foods that fall under the high glycemic index chart are as follows:

Foods Glycemic Index
Watermelon 80
Pumpkin 75
Cornflakes 79
Oats (Instant) 83
Pizza 80
Potato (Fried) 75
White Rice 87
White Bread 70
Grapes 59
Raisins 55

Read More: Is Sweet Potato Good for Diabetes?

What Is Glycemic Load?

Glycemic load (GL) is a measure that takes into account both the quality and quantity of carbohydrates in a serving of food, providing a more accurate picture of its impact on blood sugar levels.

It considers not only how fast carbohydrates raise blood sugar (glycemic index) but also the amount of carbohydrates consumed. Foods with a high GL can cause rapid spikes in blood sugar, while those with a low GL lead to slower, more controlled increases.

This concept is valuable for people managing blood sugar levels, as it helps them make informed dietary choices to maintain stable glucose levels.

Read More: 10 Low Glycemic Fruits for Diabetics

Glycemic Index Chart of Indian Foods

Both glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) are crucial for understanding how different foods affect blood sugar levels. GI measures the speed at which carbohydrates in food raise blood sugar, while GL considers both the quality and quantity of carbohydrates consumed. Together, they provide a comprehensive view of a food’s impact on blood glucose.

According to Diabetes UK, to calculate the glycemic load (GL) of a food, you need to know the glycemic index (GI) of the food and the amount of carbohydrates in a typical serving. Here’s the formula:

GL = (GI * Carbohydrate per serving) / 100

Here’s the GI and GL chart of some most consumed Indian foods:

Food Glycemic Index Glycemic Load
Orange 42 4.8
Dates 45 33
Pumpkin 75 6
Cornflakes 79 68
Brown Rice 50 12.5
Wheat Roti 62 26
Vermicelli 58 47.5
Beetroot 61 5.7
Papaya 60 6
Banana (Raw) 40 8.8
Kidney Beans 19 4.1

The glycemic load for the above foods is calculated based on the carbohydrate content stated by the USDA, FoodData Central.

Read More: Quinoa and Diabetes

Glycemic Index of Fruits Chart

Fruits are often considered to be a healthy choice, but people with diabetes must take care of their fruit choices and should select those with a low GI. Here’s a GI scale chart of fruits:

Fruits Glycemic Index
Apple 39
Pear 38
Orange 42
Strawberries 41
Grapes 59
Banana (raw) 41
Pineapple 59
Watermelon 80
Mango 51
Kiwi 50

Glycemic Index Chart For Grains

Below is a simplified GI chart for commonly consumed Indian grains. GI values may vary depending on factors such as processing, cooking methods, and individual metabolism. It’s important to note that this chart provides general estimates and may not represent the exact GI values for all individuals.

Grains Glycemic Index
Basmati Rice 52
Brown Rice 50
White Rice 55
Quinoa 53
Barley 30
Oats (Instant) 83
Wheat 55
Bajra (Millet) 54
Jowar 62

Glycemic Chart For Vegetables

Vegetables are a good source of nutrients, fibre, and antioxidants. But they can also have a significant impact on your blood sugar levels. Here’s a GI level chart that explains how different vegetables affect your blood sugar levels:

Vegetables Glycemic Index
Carrots 16
Sweet potatoes 56
Beetroot 61
Corn 52
Broccoli 15
Spinach 15
Cabbage 10
Tomatoes 15
Read More: Top Six Benefits of Drinking Coconut Water

Importance of Referring to the GI Chart For Indian Foods

Referring to a glycemic index food chart (also GL chart) is essential for individuals looking to manage their blood sugar levels effectively and maintain overall health. The GI chart for Indian foods provides valuable information about how different foods affect blood glucose levels, helping people make informed dietary choices.

Firstly, understanding the GI and GL of foods can aid in controlling blood sugar spikes. Foods with a high GI cause rapid increases in blood sugar levels, while those with a low GI lead to more gradual rises. By referring to a glycemic foods list, individuals can choose foods with lower values, which can help stabilise blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of insulin spikes.

Secondly, these GI index food lists can assist in weight management. High-GI foods often lead to quick bursts of energy followed by crashes, which can trigger hunger and cravings for more carbohydrates. On the other hand, low-GI foods provide sustained energy and may promote feelings of fullness, aiding in appetite control and weight management.

Moreover, the glycemic index chart for diabetics offers insights into the nutritional quality of foods. Foods with low GI and GL values often contain more fiber, vitamins, and minerals, contributing to overall health and well-being.

In conclusion, referring to a table of GI and GL for foods empowers individuals to make healthier dietary choices, manage blood sugar levels, control appetite, and improve overall nutritional intake, ultimately supporting better long-term health outcomes.

Read More: Is Whiskey Good for Diabetes Patients


Understanding the glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) is critical to making healthier food choices. These glycemic foods lists help us know which foods affect our blood sugar levels quickly and which ones keep them steady. By picking foods with lower GI values, we can manage our energy levels better and reduce the risk of health issues like diabetes. It’s like having a map to navigate the world of food, guiding us toward better health. Let’s use this knowledge to make smarter choices and lead happier, healthier lives.

Remember, a food’s glycemic index (GI) isn’t set in stone. It can change based on how you cook it and other factors like ripeness. So, remember that even though a food might have a certain GI in one situation, it could be different in another. Stay flexible and listen to your body’s response to different foods.

Read More: Is Wheat Roti (Chapati) Good for Diabetes?

FAQ’s (Frequently Asked Questions):

What is the GI of dosa?

The glycemic index of dosa can vary depending on factors such as the type of rice or flour used and how it’s prepared. Generally, it’s considered to be medium to high, around 60-70.

Which Indian food is low in GI?

Indian foods low in GI include lentils, chickpeas, beans, non-starchy vegetables like spinach and cauliflower, and certain fruits like apples and oranges.

What are zero glycemic foods?

Zero glycemic foods are foods that do not raise blood sugar levels. Examples include eggs and some non-starchy vegetables like broccoli, spinach, and kale.

What are the top 10 low glycemic index foods?

The top 10 low glycemic index foods include beans, lentils, chickpeas, broccoli, tomatoes, carrots, apples, pears, berries, and quinoa.

What does the glycemic index tell you?

The glycemic index indicates how quickly carbohydrates in a food raise blood sugar levels. Lower GI foods cause a slower, more gradual increase, while higher GI foods lead to rapid spikes.

What is a good level of glycemic index?

A good level of glycemic index (GI) is typically considered to be 55 or less. Foods with a lower GI are slower to raise blood sugar levels, providing more sustained energy.

Last Updated on by Dr. Damanjit Duggal 


This site provides educational content; however, it is not a substitute for professional medical guidance. Readers should consult their healthcare professional for personalised guidance. We work hard to provide accurate and helpful information. Your well-being is important to us, and we value your feedback. To learn more, visit our editorial policy page for details on our content guidelines and the content creation process.

Leave a Reply


Download Free Diabetes Diet Plan

Download Diet Plan