Fasting Blood Sugar Test: Measures blood sugar after an overnight fast. A result of 126 mg/dL or higher on two tests may indicate diabetes.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT): After fasting, you drink a glucose solution, and a blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL or higher 2 hours later suggests diabetes.

Hemoglobin A1c Test: Reflects average blood sugar levels over 2-3 months. An A1c level of 6.5% or higher indicates diabetes.

Random Blood Sugar Test: A result of 200 mg/dL or higher, along with diabetes symptoms, may indicate diabetes.

Autoantibody Tests: Detect specific antibodies associated with autoimmune diabetes, like type 1 diabetes.

C-Peptide Test: Measures C-peptide levels to determine the type of diabetes.

Urinalysis: Tests urine for elevated blood sugar levels, indicating possible diabetes.