What Causes Diabetic Ketoacidosis?

There are three primary causes of diabetic ketoacidosis:

1.  Insulin deficiency 2. Excessive glucagon activity 3. Insufficient fluid intake

When insulin levels are low, the body cannot use glucose effectively, so it breaks down stored fat for energy instead.

This process produces ketones, which can build up in the blood and cause ketoacidosis.

Excessive glucagon activity can also lead to ketoacidosis. Glucagon is a hormone that raises blood sugar levels.

When it is overactive, it can cause the body to produce too many ketones.

When the body does not have enough fluids, it cannot flush out ketones efficiently and they build up in the blood causing diabetic ketoacidosis.