The 4 pillars of fitness

Fitness and other related subjects have made their way into our workplace watercooler chats, dinner table discussions at home and even in our schools and colleges. That’s great and we couldn’t be happier about it.

However, when we speak about fitness, what exactly are we talking about? What are the constituents of fitness? It’s important to know about them, if we aim at achieving completing fitness for our body.

This post is for you to understand the components of fitness, so you can be more informed about the fitness levels of your own body.


There are 4 pillars of fitness. They are:


You might remember, when you were younger, you could run three rounds of your school football ground, without breaking a sweat. The ability of the body to sustain for such a long time becomes more difficult as we age, as it loses stamina.

However, you can build and maintain your stamina even as you grow older. Include exercises that make you breathe faster and increase your heart beat, in your fitness regimen. For example, running or jumping jacks. They facilitate circulation of oxygenated blood in your body and improve your body’s ability to use oxygen. They will also help you easily perform tasks such as climbing a flight of stairs, walking while carrying your kid or lifting heavy bags.



By strength, we don’t just mean the muscle strength, but also to have a strong immune system that can fight bacteria and viruses. It has been found that a body that trains for muscular strength has better immunity and fewer health risks.

The stronger your muscles are, lesser help you’ll need to walk, sit or bend as you age. Often, it’s due to weaker muscles that old people have to be dependent on sticks or other people, to perform their day-to-day tasks.  We wrote about a few strength building exercises to get you started, here.



Good balance can keep you from tripping even if the ground below is uneven or if you accidentally step on a banana skin. Exercising can help increase your balance and one of the marks of a fit person is their amazing balance and control. With greater balance, you have better chance at avoiding falls and broken bones.



Flexibility helps in preventing muscle injury and strains that you feel often while bending or walking up and down the stairs. It also improves your posture and allows you to perform stretching activities such as Yoga with a lot of ease. Flexibility reduces the risk of back and neck aches and other problems that are caused by prolonged sitting or standing in one position. And if you have problem bending or sitting with folded legs for a long time, it might be time for you to build some flexibility. Get stretching!


Now, that you know the 4 ingredients of a totally fit body, you’re now in a better position to understand what the level of your body fitness is, and what you need to focus on more, to achieve better results on all 4 aspects of fitness.




The information included at this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.

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