Diet Plan for Diabetes Patients in 2022 | Complete Diet Chart For Diabetics

Medically Reviewed By: Dr. Mohammad Suleman Hussain, M.B.B.S May 7, 2022

Are you diabetic and feel hungry frequently? What to eat and what to avoid without affecting blood sugar levels? Read the article below to get a good idea of the best food choices and the best diet plan for diabetes patients with the help of a diabetic diet chart.

Chart of Best Diet Plan for Diabetes Patients

The food we eat is our necessity for life. But do you know the quality and quantity of food can impact your health especially when you are diabetic? Some food products like carbs increase blood sugar rapidly and can lead to other diabetic problems.

The main goal of a good diet plan for a diabetic patient is thus to maintain the best levels of carbs, proteins, fats, and other nutrients. The selection of food products in a diet plan is done in a manner to control the carbs, and include other balanced nutrients for managing blood sugar levels. Everyone has a different body requirement, so a personalized diet plan can help you balance your sugar levels. Diet Coach helps you make the healthiest and most sustainable food choices.


Carbohydrates control is essential for managing blood sugar levels. Healthy eating and regular exercise can help you regulate your blood sugar levels and finally reverse diabetes.

How Does Healthy Eating Manage Type 2 Diabetes?

Healthy eating for diabetes as well as management of overall health is all about stability, i.e., finding a range of healthy food products a person likes to consume and utilizing moderation rather than a limitation to add in favorite foods. In type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance occurs. The body fails to use the hormone insulin effectively to move blood glucose to the body cells for energy. This results in a build-up of sugar in the blood at higher than standard levels, which may increase the risk of diseases. Consumption of a healthy diet is vital for any person, irrespective of their diabetes status. However, for individuals with this ailment, nourishing foods consumed in the appropriate portions deliver two fundamental benefits:

  • Lowered blood glucose: Reducing the level of blood glucose that is high may assist in lessening the diabetes signs as well as reducing the risk of health complications.
  • Healthier weight: Weight loss is seen to be linked with an improved A1C result, a 2 to 3 months average of blood glucose levels.

So, what does a diabetes diet look like? Initially, it’s better to appreciate how carbs, protein, or fat, the 3 important macronutrients present in any food. Calories are obtained from these and this is what affects the blood sugar. It is very important to balance these nutrients. This not only assists in stabilizing the levels of blood glucose but also delivers a diet that is heart-healthy as well as assists in avoiding other health problems. Secondly, it is vital to concentrate upon including small modifications that are sustainable in the long term instead of restraining eating habits such as crash dieting. This involves consumption of a range from each food group at suggested portions, spacing meals out consistently all over the day, as well as adding easy food swaps while dining out or at home.

Also Read: Is Banana Good For Diabetes?

Control Your Carbs

The food we eat contains carbohydrates (carbs), fibers, fats, proteins, and other vitamins and minerals. The choice of food and its quantity can affect blood sugar levels.

Sugar, Fiber, and Starch present in our food, are forms of Carbohydrates. These substances when eaten are broken down by our body into glucose directly. Thus, carbs are directly converted to glucose and therefore increase blood sugar levels.

Keeping a track of your carbs or carbohydrate counting helps in managing diabetes by

  • Preventing complications (because of irregular blood sugar levels)
  • Regulating the glucose content in your body
  • Giving an idea of insulin needed by a diabetes patient. But remember, Insulin is not a cure, it’s just a support.


Some Carbohydrates (Carbs) increase blood sugar levels rapidly while some slowly. Thus, controlling carbs is necessary for diabetes. Diet Coach adds healthy carbohydrates in your meals, which accelerates the process of regulating blood sugar levels.

Carb counting

For a diabetic patient, it is essential to control carbs in your diet. Always keep track of the carbs you eat. The best way is to set a limit on Carbs for each meal. Carb counting can help you here.

Packed food provides details of each nutrient in grams on the wrappers. One can also use online carb counting tools for calculating carbs present in food or drinks.

People with diabetes should get half of their calories from carbs. For example, if your diet plan recommends 1600 calories a day, about 700 to 800 calories should come from carbs.

Considering 4 calories per gram, it shall be 200 gm. of carbs per day. For breakfast, one can have 60 gm of crabs 60 gm for lunch, 20 gm for snacks, and 60 gm for dinner.


Carb counting counts the carbs eaten in food. Thus, people with diabetes should get half of their daily calories from carbs. The number of carbs required also differs from person to person. One should seek consultation from a certified Diet Coach to get the best results.

What is a Glycemic Index?

This is another way of managing the carbs you eat. Glycemic Index (GI) ranks the food in accordance with the impact on blood sugar levels. The ranks are from 00 to 100.

High GI food increases blood sugar levels rapidly. These foods get digested quickly and you feel hungry. Example: Potatoes, Bread, fruit juices.

Low GI foods are known to have less impact on blood sugar levels. These foods take time to digest and thus you feel a full stomach for a longer time. These foods are good for diabetic patients. Example: brown rice, tomatoes, beans, yogurt, milk.


Low GI foods are good for a diabetic person while high GI food increases blood sugar levels rapidly. Consuming low GI foods are clinically proven to boost the process of attaining normal blood sugar levels.

Also Read: C-Reactive Protein or CRP Normal Levels Chart For Adults

Key Points on Carbohydrates in the Diet

  1. Carbs with fiber like sweet potatoes do not increase blood sugar levels as fast as the carbs without fiber like soda.
  2. Eat plenty of fiber to manage blood glucose levels. It also decreases cholesterol levels and helps in reducing weight.
  3. Avoid or limit the usage of processed carbs, soda, or added sugar like cookies and candies. Due to these, blood sugar levels increase quickly.
  4. Complex carbohydrates take time to digest and absorb. Due to which these are good for controlling diabetes as they slowly increase blood glucose levels.

Nutrition and lifestyle approaches can have a great impact on your blood sugar levels. Healthy sleeping, eating and exercise routine have shown statically significant improvements in patients suffering from Diabetes. 1000s of patients have reversed diabetes with proper dietary recommendations by our Diet Coach.

Also read: Diabetes 1 signs and symptoms

Which type of carbohydrates should be included in your diet?

Diet plan for diabetes patients
Food rich in carbohydrates, top view

Carbohydrates are classified into two types: 

  1. Complex carbohydrates (low glycemic index foods)
  2. Simple sugars (high glycemic index foods)

Complex carbohydrates: Complex carbohydrates not only have a low glycemic index but they also contain additional useful nutrients like fiber, vitamins, etc. These nutrients decelerate the absorption of glucose and thereby, helps to maintain stability in blood sugar levels.

Examples of complex carbohydrates are:

  • Whole grains like brown rice, quinoa, steel-cut oatmeal
  • Starchy vegetables (in moderation) like potatoes, corn, root vegetables
  • Non-starchy vegetables such as green vegetables.

Simple sugars: Avoid simple sugars as they have a high glycemic index and they don’t contain any other useful nutrients. These foods cause an uncontrollable rise in blood sugar levels and thus, are very harmful.

Examples of simple carbohydrates are white bread, soft drinks, flour, white pasta, cereals, etc.

Feasible diet plan by qualified diet coaches, personalized workout regimen by certified fitness coaches, and guidance of Diabetologist has helped over 10000 patients reverse their diabetes.

Also Read: What is the normal hba1c level?

Diabetic Diet Food List Plan Chart

Consumption of certain food items helps to control diabetes and lower the risk of complications like heart and eye diseases. Here are 5 healthy food items which might help in diabetes management:

Diabetic diet food list
  1. Leafy greens – Leafy green vegetable is a diabetic-friendly food that is low in calories and digestible carbs. It contains antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin which protect the eyes from disease. Leafy greens like spinach, kale, etc are rich in vitamin C. Individuals who add more green leafy vegetables to their diet are believed to have a reduced risk of developing Type2 diabetes.
  2. Fatty fish – Fatty fish like salmon, sardines and mackerel are considered as one of the healthiest foods. It contains omega-3 fats which lower the risk of heart disease, inflammation, and stroke. Fish is also a great source of protein, which prolongs the feeling of fullness, thus reducing your hunger. This results in stabilized blood sugar levels.
  3. Greek yogurt – Greek yogurt is a diabetic-friendly dairy choice as it helps in weight management and enhances body composition in people with type 2 diabetes. It contains probiotics that promote blood sugar control and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  4. Eggs – Egg is a highly nutritious food as it enhances our body’s sensitivity to insulin, lowers heart disease risk, and eye disease risk (contains antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin). It is a high-protein diet which helps to maintain cholesterol and blood sugar levels in the body.
  5. Chia seeds – Chia seeds are highly rich in fiber and low in digestible carbs. The viscous fiber in these seeds helps to control blood sugar by slowing down the rate of absorption of glucose. Chia seeds reduce hunger, blood pressure, and inflammation and thus, is really beneficial in diabetes.


Green leafy vegetables like kale, spinach, protein rich food like eggs, fatty fish, Greek Yoghurt, high fibre food like chia seeds, including Cinnamon, Nuts, etc. are good carbs that help in controlling diabetes. There are a lot of other food items available in our kitchen, which are healthy but we are unaware about. Before getting on a call with us, most of the patients didn’t know of a nutrient rich diet without protein powders and other supplements.

Also read: Diabetes care tips

1200 Calorie Diabetic Diet Chart

A 1200 calorie diabetic diet means consuming no more than 1200 calories of food daily. This diet formula will help control your blood sugar as well as lose weight.

Here is a 1200 calorie diabetic diet chart. You can plan your meals accordingly to bring diabetes under control.

6:30 AM – 2 tsp fenugreek (methi) seeds soaked 1 glass of water

 8:30 AM – (Breakfast)1 bread, 1 glass buttermilk, and 1 apple

1:30 PM – 2 multigrain chapati, 1 cup mixed vegetable salad, 1 bowl dal, and 1 bowl vegetable

4:30 PM – 1 cup green tea without sugar 

7:30 PM – 1 bowl sprout salad

8:30 PM – 1 chapati and 1 bowl of vegetable

10:00 PM – ½ cup milk without sugar

Also Read: 2000 calorie diet for type 2 diabetes

Plate method 

The plate method is a visual method of planning a healthy meal in your diet. In this method, a diet plate includes non-starchy vegetables and lean proteins rich foods. By doing so the quantity of high-carb food that causes a dangerous spike in blood sugar levels is decreased.

Plate method Diet plan for diabetes patients

Take a dinner plate (9-inch)

  • Fill half of your plate with non-starchy vegetables like beets, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, and salad.
  • Add one quarter with whole grains or starchy foods such as potatoes, cereals, rice.
  • Fill the remaining quarter with lean protein foods such as plain Greek yogurt, beans, low-fat milk.

Every diabetic should know about the ways to manage diabetes. This is possible by controlling the blood glucose levels, blood pressure, along cholesterol levels. Any diabetic might experience lots of challenges while doing so. This is because many factors influence a person’s sugar level. These factors can be diet, medications, exercise, chronic health issues, alcohol intake, or stress. However, nowadays it is possible and 10000+s of diabetics have seen this miracle of “Diabetes Reversal” happening. This can be done by incorporating some important changes in eating, exercising, and sleeping routines.

It is important for any diabetic to stick to a stringent diet plan consisting of antioxidants, fibers, and fewer carbs. And, to achieve this “reversal”, Breathe Well-being, a Gurgaon-based health-tech company has shown great success in reversing diabetes in people with type 2 diabetes. This “Diabetes Reversal Approach” has proved advantageous for 10000+s of people with diabetes. Breathe’s Diabetes Reversal Program also maintains the overall health of a person in the long run. With the help of this plan, a lot of people have dropped off their medicines or insulin. Now, many patients don’t even need medications anymore while others are seen with their doses reduced by 70% and more. So, hurry to grab the offer quickly and go ahead with your Diabetes Reversal Journey!

Visualizing Food Portion Size

With no portion control, people eat more even though they are not hungry. Therefore, plan your meal using the following portion size guide to manage your diabetes in a better way. Our hands are really helpful in estimating portion size

Vegetables – Take as much as you can hold in both hands.

Milk – Drink about 1 cup or 250 ml of low-fat milk.

Grains & starch – Choose a quantity up to the size of your fist.

Meat, fish, or poultry – Go for an amount equivalent to the size of your palm and thickness of a little finger.

Fruit – Consume a fruit of the size of your fist.  

Hope we made portion control a bit easy for you. Our Diet Coach and Fitness Coach suggest many such easy to follow ways. They also conduct weekly challenges to keep you on your toes. While sitting in front of the desktop, we forget to drink water and don’t realise there wasn’t any physical movement throughout the day. But with constant reminders, many patients have been able to reverse diabetes by making simple modifications in their habits.

Also Read: Is watermelon good for diabetics?

Results of the Best Diabetes Diet Plan

To control diabetes, you need to acquire healthy eating habits, starting from carbohydrate counting to following the plate method. You need to stick to your diabetes diet plan to reach your health goals. 

Do consult your doctor and dietitian to prepare a meal plan that suits your health. Don’t stray from the prescribed diet formula if you wish to protect yourself from serious diabetes complications. 

Diabetes is a roller coaster. It has its ups and down, but it’s your choice to scream or enjoy the ride.
You are stronger than diabetes, reverse it!

Also read: Diabetes can be cured by bhujangasana


What does a diabetic diet look like?

A smart diabetes-friendly meal includes whole and minimally processed foods. Also, includes fiber-rich fruits and veggies, complex carbs in limits, healthy fats, and lean protein.

What is the best food chart for a diabetic patient?

Diabetics must reduce their intake of:

  • sweets and desserts
  • sugary beverages
  • fried foods
  • foods that are salty or fatty.

They should concentrate upon lots of vegetables, fruits, lean protein, whole grains, healthy fats, and low-fat dairy. Diabetics must consume every few hours. This keeps the blood glucose levels steady.

Is a high protein diet good for diabetic patients?

High protein diet slows the rise of blood sugar levels. But it cannot be recommended for all patients with diabetes. Because some patients having kidney disease, heart disease and obesity problems shall have more risk of further problems with a high protein diet.

It is thus recommended to eat complex carbohydrates with some proteins and fats.

What should I avoid eating if I am diabetic?

Avoid eating Pasta, White bread, and rice as they tend to increase blood sugar levels rapidly. Moreover, avoid eating any processed foods and candies.

What vegetables and fruits are good to eat to control diabetes?

Vegetables: Eat more green leafy vegetables and non-starchy vegetables like broccoli, greens, carrots, etc. Fruits recommended are Oranges, berries, apples, grapes, and grapefruit, peach and pear.

Last Updated on by Dr. Damanjit Duggal 


The information included at this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.

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