What’s the Thyroid gland?

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The thyroid is a gland, situated in the neck, under the Adam’s apple. The thyroid’s primary function is to secrete thyroid fluid that controls the metabolic rate of the body. The metabolism of the body is that which influences the manner in which the proteins, fats and nutrients are digested, consumed and stored in the body.

The thyroid gland is one of the first parts of the body to form in the womb, appearing as early as 3 to 4 weeks into the pregnancy, hence its natural importance cannot be ignored from the beginning of life to the end.

The thyroid gland helps keep the body in harmony. If the thyroid gland in not working properly then you may be suffering from Hypothyroidism or Hyperthyroidism. As the names suggest hypothyroidism is when the gland reduces the amount of hormones that it secretes, and hyperthyroidism is when it increases the amount of hormone it secretes.

Other diseases that are associated with thyroid include Goitre and Iodine deficiency disorders, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and thyroid cancers. It’s estimated that 42 million people in India suffer from some kind of thyroid diseases, and hence, it’s only fair that we educate ourselves about thyroid. The best way to combat thyroid disorders is early diagnosis and treatment.

 

What are the symptoms of thyroid problems?

Symptoms to watch out for are sudden weight loss or weight gain, fatigue, sleep disturbances, heat or cold intolerance, slow heart rate or irritability and depression. These are some tell-tale signs to look out for, indicating that you should visit a doctor, for a thyroid check.

 

How to take care of your thyroid gland?

The best way to keep the thyroid gland healthy is to keep a good diet that nourishes it.

Avoid these…

Some of the foods that you should avoid are processed foods like hot dogs, cakes and cookies. Foods that contain gluten like bread, pasta, beer etc. also can deteriorate the functioning of the thyroid. Excessive consumption of certain fruits like peaches, pears and strawberries, and beverages like coffee, green tea and alcohol will irritate the thyroid gland.

Have more of these…

The foods that are recommended for healthy thyroid gland are eggs, fish, vegetables, fruits except the ones that were mentioned above, gluten-free grains and seeds such as rice, quinoa, chia seeds and flax seeds. All dairy products are also recommended.

These are few of the essential things that you should know about your thyroid gland to keep your body in healthy harmony.

 

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