While there are different cooking methods and styles that we can follow, there are a few things about these methods that you should know. Especially, if you want to cook smartly and make the most of the foods you eat.
So, here are the 5 most common ways of cooking—their upside, downside and some tips to tackle them.
Pro– One of the easiest ways of cooking is boiling. All you need is water. Some foods such as tomatoes and carrots contain antioxidants that become readily available only after it’s cooked, in which case, boiling becomes a better option than eating them raw.
Con– Water can result in washing away of some essential nutrients present in the food.
Hack– Try and boil foods with their skin on to conserve the loss of nutrients.
Pro– If you want to cook something in the quickest possible time without losing its nutrients, try microwaving. Microwaves emit radio waves that excite the molecules present in your food, causing them to move and generate heat. Microwaving works for all kinds of foods—vegetables, rice, meat, etc.
Con– Microwaving makes the food dry.
Hack– Sprinkle some water on your food or place a wet paper tower on top of the container before placing microwaving.
Pro– When you want all the nutrients along with the flavour intact, grilling is the way to go. It doesn’t need much oil or fat, and keeps your meat and vegetables juicy and tender.
Con– Charred meat can increase the risk of pancreatic and breast cancer. High heat can also cause a chemical reaction between fat and protein resulting in toxins which can increase the chances of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
Hack– For BBQs, stay away from large sizes of meat and stick to lean meat cuts that need less grilling time.
Pro– Steaming allows the food to cook in its own juices, which enables the food to retain almost all of its nutrients. You also don’t have to add fat or water to retain the moisture.
Con– Steamed food often tastes bland and boring.
Hack– Add some seasoning such as salt or lemon juice.
Pro– Some foods taste better when sautéed or fried in a little bit of oil. It works well for rice and quinoa, vegetables and small cut meats. The searing also imparts a beautiful glaze to your food, making them appear juicy and appetizing.
Con– It requires oil.
Hack– Add only a little bit of oil when sautéing. And stick to Olive oil, as it has the tendency to increase the antioxidant capacity of food.