When someone has diabetes, his/her blood sugar levels go up, which can lead to damage throughout the body. If the sugar levels are not controlled, this disease can cause several complications in different organs and body parts. Let’s take a look at them one by one.
Diabetic retinopathy is a complication that causes the blood vessels in the retina to swell and leak, which can lead to blurred or damaged vision, and even blindness in the long run. Diabetics should go for screening once a year to detect and treat this complication early.
Diabetics are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease, which may lead to a heart attack or stroke in a worst-case scenario. Diabetics should work on a diet and exercise plan to treat obesity, cholesterol and hypertension in time.
High blood sugar levels can also cause kidney damage, called diabetic nephropathy, in the long run. Speak to your doctor about getting tested for improper kidney functions, which can be detected by excess protein in the urine.
Diabetes affects nerve function, causing peripheral neuropathy, which leads to pain or loss of sensation in the toes, feet, fingers and hands. This makes it tough to notice small wounds that become a home for infections. Check your feet daily for sores, wounds or calluses.
High Blood Pressure
The presence of excess blood sugar causes the blood vessels to lose their elasticity and become narrow. Thus, the supply of oxygen and blood is compromised in the body, leading to a heightened risk of high blood pressure.
If you or a loved one is diagnosed with diabetes, be sure to get the right treatment and incorporate the necessary lifestyle changes as soon as possible. Also ask your doctor about the routine check-ups and tests you’ll need to detect and treat diabetes related complications early.