Winter is here! And as you’re enjoying the cold and pleasant weather, you should also be warned about the illnesses that this season brings with it. More so, during the first few days because that’s when your body is exposed to sudden change in temperature which it finds difficult to adjust to.
And as they say, you cannot fight the enemy you don’t see. So, here we are walking you through the different winter sicknesses that you should be careful about.
This is a no brainer. Cold is a common occurrence in winters and the best protection is to keep your house and everything you come in contact with, clean. Washing hands regularly is critical because it helps you wash off the bugs that stick to them as you touch different surfaces that might’ve been touched by other people, who may be ill. Use disposable tissues as opposed to fabric napkins to prevent contact with the germs existing in them.
The air is cold in winters, which is a triggering point for asthma symptoms such as difficulty in breathing and wheezing. Asthma patients should especially be more careful, as the asthma problems tend to aggravate this time of the year. Stay indoors as much as possible. And should you go out, do not forget to cover your nose and mouth. Keep your inhalers handy!
- Sore Throat
Another common problem we see in winters is sore throat, caused by viral infections. Gargling with warm salty water can offer some relief to people who are dealing with sore throat and other issues related to the throat.
- Vomiting and Diarrhoea
During this time, people are more prone to be infected by norovirus, which is a stomach bug. It causes vomiting and diarrhoea and is seen widely in hotels, hospitals and schools. Drinking plenty of water and fluids to keep yourself hydrated should help if you get infected by this and also to prevent the infection.
- Joint pain
People who have arthritis complain of intensified joint pains during this season. The joints also tend to become stiff. Get some form of daily exercise that can help your body with improved blood circulation, thereby reducing the stiffness in joints and muscles.
- Heart attacks
Various studies have concluded that heart attacks are more common in winter. One of the reasons for this is that the blood pressure rises during the cold weather putting more strain on the heart. This makes heart work doubly hard to maintain the body temperature. People with heart problems should take care to stay warm, and when outside, cover themselves with a hat, scarf and gloves.
Flu is more likely to strike in winter. Pregnant women, people over 65 years and those suffering from health conditions such as diabetes and kidney problems may be at a higher risk. Some symptoms of flu are sudden fever, aching body, dry cough, exhaustion etc. The best way to treat flu is by getting professional help.
- Dry skin
Dry skin is one of the most common side effects of winters. Use warm water for shower as hot water makes your skin more dry and itchy. Apply moisturizer after bath when the skin is moist and also before bedtime.
These are few of the common and popular health problems that most of us tend to face during the winters. As we saw, we can do our best to prevent them by staying clean and warm.
We hope you and your family have a healthy, enjoyable winter this year!